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^Parislj Cluiitlj ffioois ht Strkabii*. 
A.D, 1552. 







^xtmsaibtti {tarn i\tt (Sti^inai Eecoxbs, 


©ifort anD iLon^ron: 

:i,, Google 


IT woald be superflnoua, and beyond our scope, to 
attempt but slightly to review the great religious 
change of the sixteenth century; but in these days, 
when we are passing through many atruggles both 
of religious thought and of national policy, not 
unlike those with which our forefathers grappled, 
there must, for all thoughtful men, be a peculiar 
interest in studying anew the history of this great 
religious revolution. 

The Reformation divided once and for all the 
aterner thiuhers of Teutonio descent, as a body, 
from the more impassionable races of Latin origin. 
To these latter, the gorgeous ritual of the Koman 
Catholic Communion was, however full of error, 
more congenial than the simpler form of worship 
to which the Northern sections of the once uni- 
versal Church leaned. The wide-spread dissatis- 
faction with Papal misrule, and the general desire 
for reformation in the Church, had long been seeth- 
ing in men's minds, when Martin Lather, the sou of 
a working miner in Saxony, boldly struck the first 
determined blow for freedom of religious thought. 
It had, in fact, become quite active as early as the 
fourteenth century, when Wycliflfe, the " Morning 
Star of the Beformation," protected by John of 

Li, .__b.Cooj^lc 


Gaunt — "time-honoured Lancaster," the brother, 
father, and unole of kings, — openly preached 
against the corruptions of the Koman Church. 
Otherwise, it would be difiBcult to understand the 
rapidity with which this desire for liberty of con- 
science extended to almost every class of society 
in Europe. Though the commencement of the 
Reformation in England was purely political, and 
rather forced on an unwilling people by their go- 
Temors, and liberty of conscience rather repressed 
than otherwise, witness the act for abolishiDg di- 
versity of opinion, — it certainly advanced by huge 
strides. It had on its side the affection of the 
young Edward (whose education was wholly in the 
hands of zealous reformers) and of the Protector 
Somerset, the wise counsels of Cranmer, the firm 
and bold arguments delivered from the pulpits of 
Latimer, Hooper, and many other well-wishers to 
reformatioD, and, in general, the good-will of the 
people. It was still more essentially served by the 
allurements which the confiscation of Church pro< 
perty held out to the cupidity of those courtiers 
who had shared so largely in the spoils of the 
previous reign. IndifTereut to all religion, they 
dreaded the return to the ancient r%ime, as it must 
bring with it a severe account for them to settle. 

And this cupidity was not confined to one class 
of persons; beginning with the highest, who shared 
in the confiscation of lands, we find it spread down- 



vards to those who took the opportunity of pos- 
Bessing themselves of a chalice to melt down, or 
a portion of a vestment or altar-cloth to serve for 
adorning their oirn houses, without respect either 
to the source whence it was derived, or the means 
by which it was obtained. 

The splendour of the Roman Catholic forms of 
worship no doubt, where they were associated with 
gross ignorance on the part of the people, led to 
superstition ; and in the later years of Henry the 
Eighth's reign, we find attempts made, if not to 
take away wholly such sources of superstition, at 
least to get rid of those which were more di- 
rectly fraught with danger. 

In the early part of 1539-40, some fourteen years 
before these inventories were taken. Miles Coverdale 
(the translator of the first complete English Bible) 
was engaged under Cromwell's directions in the 
detection of Popish books, and in the promotion 
of other reforms connected with religion, in this 
neighbourhood. The following letter, amongst 
others, was addressed from Newbury by Coverdale 
to Cromwell, in pursuance of these directions *. It 
will be seen that we have here the beginning of 
that general destruction of painted glass, which, 
under the name of rooting out superstition, has 
despoiled our churches of thousands of works of 

* "fiemoiua of Bishop Coverdale," Fnrker Boo.,iv 601- 

■n iMTsoDucnoif. 

art, which this generation attempte, frequently in 
Tain, to imitate, and absolutely fails to surpass : — 

" Mylet CoveridU to Lord CromweU, 
" Dated from Newhvry, March 5th (1539-40). 
" In my most humble vise, with like ealutatioii to your 
right honourable lordship. This is to signify unto the 
same that this fourth day of March, one IficholaB Hyde, 
and one John Gryese of Henley-npon-Thames came to me 
unto Ifewbury, reporting that ia a glass window of our 
lady chapel in the chancel of the said Henley, the image 
of Thomas k Becket, with the whole feigned story of his 
death, is suffered to stand still. Not only this, but all 
the beams, irons and candlesticks, wherupon tapers and 
lights were wont to be set up unto images, remain still 
untaken down ; whereby the poor simple unlearned people 
believe that they shall have libeirty to set up their candles 
again unto images ; and that the old fashion shall shortly 

" It is my duty also to signify unto your good lordship 
the great oversight of the Stationers of London, which for 
their lucre and gains are not ashamed to sell still such 
primers as corrupt the King's subjects. A great number 
of them have mine neighbours brought unto me, and a, 
great sort of other most ungracious popish books (both 
contrary to God and the Sing's highness) have I taken 
up within the precincts of fi^ewbory, and will do more, if 
your good lordship do give me authority, or bid me do it ; 
whereof I humbly beseech you, my most dear and sin- 
gular good lord, to have your loving answer by the mouth 
of this bearer, young UJr, 'Wynchcombe, and to know your 
good pleasure, what I shall do with these popish hooks 

Li, .__b,Liooglc 


that I have already, whether I shall bom them at the 
market cross, or no. Thus the everlastiug God preaerre 
your good lordship loi^ to endure. Amen. From Kew- 
hnry, the Sth day of Uorch. 

" Year Lordship's humble and foithfnl servant, 
" Mtlbs CotbbdaiiB. 

" To the right honourable and 

my very singular especial 

good Lord, the lord priry 

seal, this be presented. Ad 


The "young Mt. Wynchcombe " here mentioned 
was a son or grandson of " Jack of Newbury." 
John Wincbcombe, the eldest son of the great 
clothier, received from Henry Till, a grant of 
the manor and rectory of Bucklebury, being part 
of the possessions of the dissolved abbey of Reading, 
and appears to have been very zealous at this time 
in promoting tbe principles of tbe Reformation''. 

The importance of tbe following series of Inved- 
tories will best be understood by taking into con- 
sideration the chief acta of the legislature, upon 
tbe subject to which the Inventories relate. It will 

^ Fose giTCB the name of "H. John Winclioombe," as one ol 
the CommiBBionQrB at the trial of Julius Palmer and othai martTra 
in Kewbur; Church, Jnlj, lSfi6 ; but it is not dear whether it waa 
the John Winchoombe, the grantee of tbe Bnoklebnij estates, or 
a Heni^r Winchoombe, who died in 1S62, as appears bj an epitaph 
given b; MlmoU, oa a brass fonnerl; in Hewbni? Church. 

b. Lioogic 


be found conTenient to clase the several items 
under the two heads under whioh they appear in 
our Prayer-Book, viz. (1.) Ornaments of the Church, 
and (2.) Ornaments of the Ministers thereof. 

The first includes the adjuncts to the perform- 
ance of the services of the Church, whether sacred 
vessels, woven textures, or other furniture for use 
or for convenience, or solely for adommeut ; or in- 
deed any of the many goods and obattela which 
may be said to belong to a church. 

The Ornaments of the Miuistera include the 
Vestments, and all which may be said to belong 
to them ; more especially the chasuble and the 
cope, the albe, and the surplice. 

In respect of these, it will be seen that the follow- 
ing Inventories shew that at the date when they 
were taken, viz., between August Ist and 6th, 1653, 
many of the churches were very rich, others com- 
paratively poor. But however this may be, they 
prove that many more "ornaments," in the wide 
acceptation of the word, were then, if not actually 
in use, certainly in the posseasioD of the churches 
than there are now. 

It will be well t^ recapitulate some few of the 
circumstances attending the change of law as to 
"Ornaments," as well as to point out the special 
interest and bearing which they have upon the 
explanation of die rubrick on that subject which 
we still retain in our Book of Common Prayer. 

Li, .__b.Lioog[c 


In the Prayer-Book of 1549, that is the first 
Prayer. Book printed after the independence of 
the Anglican Church was declared, there is no 
rubrick directly referring to the " Ornaments op 
IHB Chdrch" as a whole ; and while none of the 
Ornaments preTiously in use are by any rubrick 
forbidden, incidentally some few of the previous 
Ornaments of the Church, and amongst them the 
more important, may be said to be directly enjoined. 

The most important of all, the aliar, was directly 
enjoined, both in foot and by name. It is men- 
tioned seven times in the course of the rubricka in 
the book of 1649 ; we have it also mentioned twice 
under the name of God's Board, and twice onder 
the name of the Lord's Table. 

Next, as to other Ornaments connected with 
the ministration of "The Supper of the Lord, and 
the Holy Communion, commonly called the Mass," 
First, it will be observed, the chalice is mentioned 
four times; in one case with the alternative of 
some convenient cup: the paten and the corporaa 
are mentioned once; and for the alms the people 
were to oflfer unto thepoor men's box". 

We find, of course, due reference to the font; 

' The pkoe ol this ie determmed by Arcbbiahop Ciaimier'B 
TiaitatioQ Articles, issued about tlia Buae time, one o( which 
runs to this effect: "Item. Whether the; have piovidad, ftnd 
hftTe a stroug ohcst tor the poor men's box, and set, and (aitened 
the same near to their high altar." 



the pulpit is only mentioQed, however, in connec- 
tion with the Comminatiou Service ; and the bell to 
he rung to call people together, occurs only in the 
same ruhrick. 

This list, as must be admitted, is very defective, 
and it would be, obviously, as unwise to argue, on 
the one hand, that all other ornaments were re- 
tained, because not by name forbidden, as it would 
be that all others were forbidden, becanee not by 
name retained. 

The fact is, it was not the intention of the Act 
of Parliament to deal with the Ornaments of the 
Church in detail, although Parliament enacted the 
New Service-Book. Certain Injunctions were issued 
at the same time by King Edward VI., or rather 
in the young king's name, and these dealt more 
fully with certain classes of these Ornaments, as 
wiU appear by even a cursory examination. 

The nature and authority of these lujanctions is 
best expressed in the preamble ; — 

"The King's most royal majesty, by the advice 
of his most dear uncle, the Duke of Somerset, &&, 
.... intending (he advancement of the true honour 
of Almighty God, the suppression of idolatry and 
superstition, .... doth minister unto his loving 
subjects these godly injunctions hereafter following : 

" Whereof part were given unto them heretofore 
by the authority of his most dear-beloved father. 
King Henry YIIL, of most famous memory, and 

Li, .__b.Cooj^lc 


part are now mioisteTed by and given by his 
Majesty. All which injanctioDS his higbness wiUeth 
and commandeth hie said loving subjects, by his 
Buprame authority, obediently to receive and truly 
to observe and keep, every man in their officeSj 
degrees, or state, as they wiU avoid bis displeasure, 
and the pain in the same injunctions hereafter 

Practically, the right of administering injunctions 
relating to the discipline of the Clergy, and such 
matters as we should in these days class under 
the head of Kitaal, was retained by the Crown 
aa a privilege belongiog to itself by reason of its 
supremacy, and not to be relegated to Parliament. 
One reason of this, no doubt, was that the Orna- 
ments of the Church were Bometimes almost as 
valuable as their possessions in land, and thus 
King Henry VIII. appears to have reserved the 
dealing with them, in order that their conGscatioa 
might be to his own benefit. The last clause of 
the Injunctions sets forth the jurisdiction exercised 
by the Crown : — 

"All which singular injunctions the king's ma- 
jesty ministereth unto bis clergy and their suc- 
ceesore, and to all his loving subjects: straitly 
charging and commanding them to observe and 
keep the same upon pain of deprivation, sequestra- 
tion of fruits or benefices, suspension, excommuni- 
cation, and such other coercion, as to ordinaries or 



other having ecclesiaBtioal jurisdiction, whom his 
majesty hath appointed for the due execution of 
the same, shall be seen convenient: charging and 
commanding them to see these injunctions observed 
and kept of all persons, being under their jurisdic- 
tion, as they will answer to his majesty for the 
contrary ; and his majesty's pleasure is, that every 
justice of peace (being required] shall assist the 
ordinaries and every of them for the due execution 
of the said injunctions^." 

These Injunctions may be said to consist of some 
thirty-six clauses; the third, which is the chief 
one concerning the Ornaments of the Church, runs 
as follows : — 

"Item. That such images as they [i.e. Deans, 
Archdeacons, Parsons, &c.] know in any of their 
cares to be or to have been abused with pilgrimage 
or offering of anything made thereunto, or shall 
be hereafter censed unto, they (and none other 
private persons) shall for the avoiding of that most 
detestable offence of idolatry, forthwith take down, 
or cause to be taken down, and destroy the same; 
and shall suffer from henceforth no torches nor 
candles; tapers or images of wax, to be set afore 
any image or picture, but only two lights upon the 
high altar, before the Sacrament, which for the 
signification that Christ is the very true light of 

' Fiintedm Gardwell'B "DociuueutaryAiviials," p.22. (Oxford, 



the world, they shall suffer to remain atill; ad- 
monishing their parishioners, that images serve for 
no other purpose but to be a remembrance, whereby 
men may be admonished of the holy lives and con- 
versation of them that the said images do represent : 
which images if they do abuse for any other intent, 
they commit idolatry in the same, to the great 
danger of their souls." 

One of the later Injunctions orders the clergy 
"to destroy shrines, coverings of shrines; tables, 
candlesticks; trindles of wax; pictures, paintings 
and all other monuments of feigned miracles, pil- 
grimage, idolatry, and superstition." 

The same Injunction orders the churchwardens 
to provide at the charge of the parishioners "a 
comely and honest pulpit," "a strong chest with 
a hole in the upper part," and " having three keys." 

There are no further Ornaments enjoined than 
these, nor any other existing Ornaments condemned 
beyond those which were legitimately included un- 
der the " monuments of superstition." 

The operation of the taking down of images was 
found to be attended with difficulties, for by the 
mandate issued to Archbishop Cranmer, a copy of 
which is preserved in his register, it appears that 
the council went a step further than they had at 
first deemed necessary. Contentions arose in many 
places as to what images had been abused, and 
what not : 

Li, .__b.Cooj^lc 


"Whether this or that image hath been offered 
Tiuto, kyssed, censed, or otherwiae abmed," 

And in consequence of this, and this only, the order 
was made much more stringent. 

"To the intent that all contention in every part 
of this realm for this matter may be clearly taken 
away .... we have thought good to signify unto 
you that his highnes' pleasure, with the advyce 
and consent of na the Lord Protector and the rest 
of the Counsell, is ... . that all images remaining 
in any church or chapel be removed and taken 

The Archbishop issued his letters to this effect, 
Feb. 24, 1548. 

It will be well, before proceeding further, to speak 
of the Ornaments op the Minister. The Prayer- 
Book of 1549 has fuller directions for these than 
for the " Omaments of the Church," although the 
terms in which they are couched are not very 
definite. The Bubricks which touch upon the 
question are, 1. the general rubrick printed in 
1549 at the end of the Prayer-Book, and in 1553 
transferred to the beginning, and which was the 
basis of the Omaments Eubricki this ran as 
follows : — 

" In the saying or singing of Matins or Even- 
song, baptizing and burying, the Minister in parisfa 
churches and chapels shall use a surplice." 


There is reference in the same rubnck also to the 
graduates wearing their hoods beaidea their surplices 
vhen in the quire, and the bishop, besides his 
rochet, wearing a surplice or albe, and a cope or 
Testment at the Holy Communion, or any public 
ministration [such, for instance, as Confirmation, 
Ordination, &c.]. 

But a second rabrick was more important, and 
appeared just before the Order for Holy Commu- 
nion. It ran : — 

"Upon the day, and at the time appointed for 
the ministration of the Holy Communion, the Frieat 
that shall exercise the holy ministry, shall pat upon 
him the vesture appointed for that ministration, 
that is to aay, a white albe, plain, with a vestment 
or cope. And where there be many priests or 
deacons, then so many shall be ready to help the 
priest in the ministration as shall be requisite : and 
shall have upon them likewise the vestures ap- 
pointed for their ministry, that is to say, albes with 

The introduction of the word "appointed" here, 
seems to refer back to the ordinary or accustomed 
vestures; in other vords, it is not wholly a new 
or complete rabrick of itself, repealing and con- 
demning all else that was in use before, but im- 
plying that a continuation of the old vestures was, 
to a certain extent at least, enjoined. 

There is a third rubrick vhich should not be 

Li, .__b.Cooj^lc 


omitted, thougli it does not practically affect the 
queation at iseue, viz., oDe occurria^ at the end of 
The Holy Communion : — 

" And though there be none to communicate with 
the priest, yet those days (after the Litany ended), 
the priest shall put upon him a plain albe or sur- 
plice with a cope, and say all things at the altar 
appointed t« be said at the celebration of the 
Lord's Supper, until after the offertory." 

Passing on to the sixth year of Ddward the 
Sixth's reign, vhich commenced Jan. 28, 1552, we 
find that a new Act of Uniformity was passed, and 
in so far as a revised Book of Common Prayer was 
attached to it, it repealed the former Act. This 
new Act finally passed both Houses of Parliament, 
April 14, 1552. , 

The new Prayer-Book, which so far as the Acts 
of the legislature were concerned was the only 
ruling authority, appears in no way directly to 
condemn the previous Ornaments of the Church, 
No rubrick can even be said indirectly to touch 
apOQ such Ornaments excepting one, and that is 
the first rubrick which was inserted in the new 
Book, and which contained the following line (as 
if with a view to the prevention of spoliation), — 

"And the chancels shall remain as they have 
done in times past." 

So far, honever, as the list of Ornaments men- 

Li, .__b.Cooj^lc 


tioDed ID the first book of Eing Edvard the Sixth 
is concerned, it is to be noted that the word Altar is 
ia the second either omitted or changed into Table, 
and in one case to the Lord's Table. The words 
Chalice, Paten, and Corporas are also absent, be- 
cause the ooe mbrick describing the manual acts 
of the priest in which the words alone occur, is 
wholly left out, and no directions put in its place. 
The pulpit and the bell are still only mentioned in 
the one mbrick before the Commination Service. 

The same remark as to the arguments to be 
drawn from "omiaaion," may well be made here 
upon this list, as was made upon the list in the 
first book. 

When we come, however, to the " Ornaments of 
the Minister," we have one very definite rubrick 
taking the place of the two previous rubricks, quoted 
above. Both for the Holy Gummunion, as well as 
for other ministrations, the surplice was ordered to 
be used alone. This is what may be called the 
Ornaments Kubrick of 1563, and it forms, as will 
be seen, a marked contrast to the Ornaments Ku- 
brick of 1662, by which the Church of England is 
now governed. The Rubrick of 1553 ran as follows :— 

"And here is to he noted that the minister at 
the time of the Communion, and at all other times 
in his ministration, shall use neither albe, vestment 


Li, ___.; ClKM^IC 


or cope . ■ . and being a priest or deacon, he shall 
have and wear a surplice only." 

There is no mistaking the meaning of this ru- 
brick; its terms are very definite. As to the oir- 
cumstances attending its introduction into the new 
Book of Common Prayer, which then received the 
assent of the legislature, and the influence of the 
foreigners, Peter Martyr and Martin Bucer, in 
the revision of that book, it would be out of place 
to epeak here; suffice it to say, that the insertion 
was a concession (whether a wise one or not) to the 
Puritan party, which was then springing into exist- - 
ence. The Act of Parliament enjoining this Prayer- 
Book recites, that it has been perused and made 
fully perfect, "because there hath risen divers 
doubts, for the fashion and manner of the same, 
rather by the curiosity of the minister, and mie- 
takers, than of any other worthy cause." This 
"curiosity" is only to be explained by remember- 
ing that most of the Continental Reformers, and 
especially those whose head-quarters were at Geneva, 
were averse to all ornament, seeming to be anxious 
to make the services as far as possible subservient 
to the preaching ; and they seem to have obtained 
great influence here, and a wide reception of their 

Instigated, and also protected by those preachers, 
who condemned all ornament (except the Gtenevan 

Li, .__b.Cooglc 


govs) as idolatroua and auperstitious ; tte patrons, 
the churchwardens, and sometimes the parishioners as 
a body, seem to have taken advantage of the change 
of feeling which had come about, to turn it to 
their own profit. Peculation, and in many oases 
downright robbery, seems to have been the order 
of the day with many of those who were brought 
into coutaot with Church goods. The patrons took 
the lead, and following the Crown in the confisca- 
tion of monastic buildings, utilized portions of the 
fabrick; the churchwardens took the holy vessels, 
and the parishioners took the vestments; and in 
the state of anarchy which the new preaching had 
aroused, this went on without check. It was to 
meet this that the Crown issued the Commission of 
which the Inventories herein printed were the re- 
sult. In this light only are they intelligible ; and 
it will be seen by their text, especially when con- 
sidered in connection with the sequel, that the 
Crown was evidently far more intent upon securing 
its own advantages, to be derived from any medi- 
tated plunder, than upon any enforcement of any 
new or particular ritual. 

For the county of Berks, the Commissioners of 
May, 15S2, were William Parr, Marquis of North- 
ampton, Sir Philip Hoby, of Bisham, Sir Maurice 
Berkeley, Sir Humfrey Foster, of Aldermaston, 
Thomas Weldon, M.P. for Windsor in the Par- 
liament of 1558, John Norris, Gentleman Usher, 

Li, .__b.Cooj^lc 


and Thomas Denton, of Hillesden, Bucks, M.P. 
for Berks in the Parliament of 1547. 

The actual Commission issued to Berkshire has 
not been found, (no copy seems to have been kept 
amongst the State Papers), but in all probability 
it was similar to that for Bedfordshire, which is 
given here, as follows : — 

Commission to Bedfordshire for the Returns of 
Church Goods. 
I. EoT. Pat. 6 Enw. YI. p. 7. m. 12 in dorso [1552]'. 
" Edward the bixt, &c. To our deare Couajm 
and Connsaillour William Marques of Northampton, 
Great Chamberleyn of England, and to our tmatie 
and right welbeloved John Ixird Braye, and to 
our trustie and welbeloved John Seynt John, and 
Uryan Brereton, Knights, and to our welbeloved 
Lewes Dyve and Hichard Snowe, Esquyera, gret- 
ing. Whereas "We have at eondry tymea heretofore 
by our epeciall Commyasioa, and otherwyse com- 
maunded that ther shuld be takyn and made a juet 
veu, aur^ey and inventory of all manner goodea, 
plate, juells, veatymenta, bells, and other ornaments 
within every paryehe, belongyrg or in any wyse 
apperteynyng to any Churche, Chapell, Brothered, 
Gylde, or Fratemyty, witbin this our Realme of 
Englond, and uppon the same Inventory so taken, 
had, or made, our commaundement was and hathe 

• Printed in Seventh Beport of the Depnty-Keepai of the PubUo 
Becorda, p. 307. 



bea, that all the same goodes, plate, juells, vest- 
ments, bells, aui other ornaments, sbuld be safely 
kept and appoyncted to the charge of such persons 
as shuld kepe the same safely, and be ready to 
aunswere to the same at all tymes according to 
the whicbe oar Commjssyons and sundry Com- 
manndements. We were advertjsed by our said 
Commyssionere then appoyncted and by other 
meanes also, that the said goodes, plate, j oella, ves- 
tyments, belles, and other ornaments of the said 
Churches, Chapells, Brother hedds, Gylds, Fra- 
temytyes, and Companyes, were not only vieued 
and duly surveyd, but also that the Inventories 
tfaerof were made by Indenture, and thou part of 
the same remayned with our Cuatoa Botulorum of 
that Countye, or hys Deputye or Gierke of the peax 
at that tyme being, aud the other part with the 
Churchewardens and such men as had the charge 
of the same goodes and other Inventories also made 
by our commaundement by our Busshoppes and their 
Eoclesiasticall Officers, were lykewyse by them re- 
tomed hyther to our Counsaill; yet nevertheless 
for that we be informed that aomme part of the 
said goodes, plate, juelles, belles, and ornaments of 
Churches be in somme places embeselled or removed 
contrarye to our former expresse oommaun dements 
and manyfestlye to the contempt and derogacion 
of our honar in that behalfe, We have thought 
mete to have the very truthe herin justly and duly 
knowen, to thintent the same may be as ys most 
necessarye redressed and furthwith reformed. And 



for that purpose, for the good knowledge and ex- 
peryoDce had in your tnistynea, faitbfulnes, wis- 
dome, and uprightnes, we have appoyncted you to 
bo our special CommyssioQers, and by auctoryty 
herof do name, appoynot, and actoryee you four, or 
three of yon, to take and receare a due, full, and 
just vieu of all goodes, plate, jeuella, bells, and or- 
naments of every Churche and Ghapell in whose 
hands soever the same be belonging, or in any wyse 
apperteynyng to any the said Churches, Chapells, 
G-ylds, Brotherhedds, or Fratemyties within that 
our Coantie of Bedford. And upon the said viea 
so taken to cause a true, just, and full, perfect In- 
ventory to be made of the same, and to compare 
the same with the best of the former Inventories 
heretofore made and remaynyng with the said 
Churchwardens, or suche other as then hadd the 
same incharge. And for the defaults and wants 
yf any sfaalbe, eyther of the said plate, juelles, 
belles, vestyments, or any other ornaments, or any 
part of theym any manner of wyse, to make dili- 
gent inquyrye and serche as well by the othes of 
suche honest men as ye shall thinke mete to sweare 
therfore as any other convenyent meanes to kuows 
and understond by whose default the same hath 
been removed, embesiled, aliened, or dimynyshed. 
And also in whose possession the same things or 
any part therof so spoiled, removed, embeselled, 
or demynysshed, do remayne, or to whose use the 
money and profett therof ys made or is comme, ac- 
cording to the further meanyng of certen instruc- 

Li, .__b,Cooj^[c 


cions sent to you herewith, and of your hole do}mgB 
in this behalf, to retome unto ufl and our Pryvey 
Connsaill in wryting your aoBwere accordingly. 
And yf ye shall fynde any person or persons that 
wilfully or stubbumlye will refuse to obey any 
precept or commaundement which you our said Com- 
myssioners, foure or three of you, shall geve unto 
theym in or about thezecucion of the premisses, 
that then we gyve unto you full power, auctorytie 
to commytt every auche person or persons to warde 
and pryson, ther to remayne without baiU or mayn- 
price, untyll suche tyme as you shall think the 
asme ymprisonment to be condigne for his or their 
offences. Wherfore Wee will and commaunde you 
and every of you to attend and execute the pre- 
mysses aocordiuglye, and moreover Wee will and 
commaund all and singuler Mayours, Shereffes, Bayl- 
ly£Fes, Constables, Hedboroughes, all Curates, Par- 
sons, Vicars, Churchwardens, and all other our 
O&cers, Minysters, and faithfuU Subjects, that 
they and every of them be ayding, helping, coun- 
SEiiUing, assisting, and furthering you in and abouta 
the due execucion herof as they tender our pleasure 
and will auuswer to the contrarye at ther extreme 
perells. In Witnes wherof, &c, T. R. apud [sic] '. 
" Fiant consimiles separales Commissiones directae 
personis subscriptis in Comitatihus Civitatibus Epis> 
copatibus et Villis subscriptis." 

< Ab it would appear, the Commisaon bad never been dated 
although Mtnall; emolled ; the anthoiity may fairl; be qnestioned 



It may be also well to give another, namely, tkat 
issued to the towD of Northampton ^ : — 

II. Fboh the Ostohtal, soxnnt auosost thx 

"May 16, 1552. 
" Edwabde the 8Yxr, by the grace of God Kynge 
of Englande, Fraunce, and Irelond, Defender of the 
Faithe and of the Church of England, and also of 
Ireland, in yerth the Supreme Hedd. To cure 
tmstte and wellbelored Edwarde Monntagoe, 
Knight, and to our welbelouid the Mayour of our 
Towne of Northampton, Edwarde Saunders, our 
Seijaunt-at-Lawe,EdwardeGrifiyn, FrancysMorgan, 
and Iloberte Ohauntrell, Esquyers, greeting. Where 
RB we haue at sundry tymes heretofore by our 
Spectall ComisBiou and otherwise comaundyd that 
there shuld be taken and made iust viewe, survey, 
and inventorie of all maner of goods, plate, Jewells, 
vestyraents, bells, and other ornaments within euery 
parisshe belongyng or in any wyse apperteynyug 
to any Churche, Ghappell, brotherhedd, Gilde, or 
Fratemytie within this our Kealtne of England, 
and Tppon the same Inventorie so taken, had, or 
made, our comaundement was and hath byn that 
all the same goods, plate, Jewells, vestyments, bells, 

' The inBtrnotioDB sent mth the ConmuaBion oie printed by 
Fnller, uid will be found reprinted in Cordwell's "Dooiunentuj 
Annals," vol i. p. 110. (Oxford, 1944.) 

* Printed in the SeTenth Beport of the Depaty-Keeper of Public 
Becords, p. 814. 



and other omameDta, shuld be savely kept and ap- 
poynted to the charge of such pereones as shuld 
kepe the same savely, and be reddie to ansvere to 
the same at all tymes, According to the which otir 
Comysstona and sundry comaundements we were 
aduertysed by our said Comysaionere then ap- 
poyncted and by other meanes, &c., (aa in Com- 
mission iVo. I.) 

" Yett neverthelesse for that we be enformyd that 
Bomme parte of the sayd Goods, plate, Jewells, bells, 
and ornaments of Churches be in Bome places im- 
besiled or remoryd contrarie to our former expresse 
comaundements, and manyfestlie to the contempt 
and derogacyon of our honor in that behalf. We 
haue thought mete to haue the very truth herein 
iustly and daylie knowen, to thintent the same 
maye be, as is most necessarie, redressed and furtb- 
with refourmyd. And for that purpose, for the 
good knowledge and experyence had in your truaty- 
nes faithfulnes, wisdome, and vprightnes, we have 
appoynted you to be our Speciall ComyssionerB, and 
by actoritie hereof do name, appoynt, and auctorise 
you, foure or thre of you, to take and receyve a due, 
full, and iust viewe of all gooda, plate, Jewells, bells, 
and ornaments of euery Churche aod CbappeU in 
whose hands soever the same be belongyug, or in 
any wyse apparteynyng to any the said Churches 
Ohappella, gilds, brotherhedds, or fraternyties within 
that our Towne of Northampton, and uppon the sayd 
viewe so taken, to cause a trewe, iust and full, 
perfytt inventorie to be made of the same. And 

Li, ___l; COOglC 


to compare the aame with the best of the former 
inTentories heretofore made and remaynyng with 
the said Churchwardens, or such other as then had 
the same in charge. And for the defaults and 
wants, &c., (aa in Commission Jfo I.) 

" Wherefore we woll and command you and euery 
of you to attend and execute the premysses accord* 
inglye, and moreover Woe woll and commaund all 
and singuler mayres, Shereffes, Ballyffes, Coostablea, 
hedboroughes, all Curates, parsons, Ticars, Church- 
wardens, and all other our offecers, minysters, and 
faithfull subieota, that they and every of them be 
ayding, helping, Counsailling, assisting, and further- 
ing you in and aboute the due execution herof, as 
they tender our pleasure and woll aunswer to the 
contrarye at ther extreme perells. In vitnes wherof 
we have caused these our £res to be made patents. 
Witnes our self at Westminster the xyj'^ day of 
Maye, the syxte yere of our raign. 

" Marten, 
per ipsum Hegem, &c." 

The above, it will be observed, is dated May 16, 
1552. That for Bedfordshire is probably of the 
same date, as also was that for Berkshire, although 
the Inventories returned under the latter are not 
dated until August 1, to August 6th *. 

' The Inventoriea for the ooimt; of Eeut, taken nudei the Com- 
miBBion, appear to be dated between Not. 16 and Dec. 6, 1553 ; 
tboBe for Heretc^dahiie, between Ootobec 20 and Norembec 1, 15S2. 
In Norft^ the retuniB for one deanei? are all dated Aug. SO, 1552. 



Whea we ezamioe the Inrentories returned under 
these Commissioas, it 18 to be noted that we find 
DO trace of any alteration of the law as to the 
Ornaments to which they belong. As has been 
pointed out, the new Act of Uniformity had passed 
both Houses of Parliament, Ap. 14; and the new 
Prayer- Books were issued probably soon after the 
passing of the Act, although they did not come 
into full legal force till ^ot. 1, 1552, the words of 
the Act being, " from and after the, feast of All 
Saints' next coming K" 

So it is in these Inventories, that the paten and 
cope appear on the same footing as the "pair of 
organs and the five bells hanging in the tower." 
[See No. I.] 

The explanation, or rather the ratson d'ilre, of 
these Inventories is this. Having no connection 
whatever with the change of the law in Edward 
the Sixth's time as to the Ornaments, they were 
simply the result of the Crown's direct interference 
with the robbery of Church goods, which was then 
80 prevalent throughout the country. This is tersely 
put by King Edward himself, who writes in his 
Journal, under date April 2l8t, 1552, " It was 
agreed that Commissions should go out to take 

^ Bvt even in latei oasea, as in £ent, where the InTentarieg 
irere taken between Nov. 16 and Deo. G, there is not in an; one 
the alightest indioation that one onuuuent U leas legal ttian 

b Cooj^lc 


certificate of tbe saperfluous Ohurch Plate to mine 
me, and to see how it hath been embezeled." 

So far as has been observed, there is no return 
made of the actual thefts which were proved to 
have taken place in Berkshire, but such exist in 
other counties. That of Hertfordshire, for instance, 
has been printed at the head of the Inventory of 
the Church Goods for that county, transcribed by 
Mr. CuBsans'. Although the returns seem not to 
have been dated till March, 1553, they refer to 
events which had taken place some time previously ; 
and the kind of peculation may be shewn best by 
briefly transcribing here some few of the examples 
from that document : — 

" Item, Rycharde Howghtone, layte of Wormley, 
embessilled away from the said churche of Wormley 
a Challis, the true weight therof vre know not. 

"Item, John Chyswrighte, layt parsone of Bal- 
docke and now deceasaed, tooke into his handes 
about xij yeares paste, ij candellsticks of sillver, the 
vallue thereof we the said Commyssionera knove 
not, and the said John haythe left no gooddes 
wherwithe the said thinkes may be Auaswerredde 
to our knovleadge. 

"Item, Thinhabitanta of Stoetford say .that Lorde 

' " InTCntory of Pnmjtnre and Ornamentg remaining in all the 
Pariah Churohes of Hertfordshire in the last year of the Beigo of 
King Edward the Sixth ; tronEoribed from the Original BeooidB." 
(Oxford, Parker and Co., 1873.) 

. C.ooglc 


Morley batbe Kesajved into his handes oat of the 
Ghurche Box of the Towoe aforesaid iiij". 

"Item, Mycha«ll Cammyawell .... haythe em- 
bessillede a Croae and ij candellstickeB of siUrer 
flrom the Churche. 

"Item, S' Willyam Candyshe, knighte, layte of 
Northhawe, haythe taken into hiB handes owte of 
the said churche a challise of aillver. 

"Item, S"^ Thomas Josylyne of Essex, knight, hay th 
taken into his hands ffrome the Church of Sabbrytch- 
worth, a Eytch Coppe and a Snytte of vestmentes, 
the true Coolores and vallue therof we know not. 

" Item, Jonaoae, layte of Alburye, about v yeares 
past, cam into the Church of Alburie, and for money 
that the Yicar of the same towne ought hime tooke 
away their forcible a challise. 

"Item, the Church wardeynes of Eellshull say 
that abowte vj yearres past thier was a challise em- 
besyllede owte of the churche aforesaid, and thei 
say thei suspect M'. Todde, who was then parsone 
their, and now chapplyne to the kinges Maiestie. 

" Item, Kicharde Songar, Gent dyde em- 

bessiie away ffrom the said churche of Fellarn a 
Challyse of Silluer, the value whereof we know not. 

"Item, thinhabitants of Saint Albonnea paryshe 
in the towne of Saint Albonnea, have solde sartaine 
gooddes and Omamentes of Saint Albonnes, amount- 
inge to the Sume of xvj'' ij' 

"Item, thiuhabitante of Singes Langley bane 
sold . . . and a lyttyll paxe of sillver for xj" xiiij' TJ^ 
sum in the hoall xiij" xiiij' ijV 



It will be aeen at once by the above that pecula- 
tion was not confined to any one claas ; the parsons 
as well as the parishioners were charged, and no 
doubt justly, while lords and knights seem to have 
been the chief sinners; probably they were in 
most cases the patrons. When ^Elizabeth came 
to the throne history repeated itself. Some six 
years after her accession, a Commission in the 
diocese of Lincoln obtained returns, which shew 
that during the whole of those six years thieving 
had been going on; and the Archdeacons' books 
of this period, where they are preserved, shew that 
their courts were frequently occupied with tracing 
out, by sworn witnesses, the embezzlement of 
Church goods. No doubt the more valuable, or 
rather such as would more readily produce money, 
went first, and the Inventories with which wo 
have to deal exhibit but the residue of the valu- 
able furniture which the churches named once 

It might well be asked why the Crown, in 
issuing the Commissions, above named, to take the 
Inventories of the Church goods, had not then and 
there given power to their Commissioners to sell 
those goods, and to pay their produce into the Ex- 
chequer? There may be many reasons which would 
suggest themselves, and amongst them, no doubt, 
would stand chiefly that of policy. But certain it 



is, tliat BO far aa these inventorieB, or the Conunis- 
sioDB under which they were taken, are concerned, 
there is no intimatioa that it was then intended 
to confiscate them on the ground of any change 
in ritual. In the following year, however, that is 
in January, 1553, we do find a Gommiesion issued 
for the conGecation of such of the Church goods 
as could he conveniently turned into money and 
paid into the Exchequer, Chalices were confis- 
cated, not because chalices were now and hence- 
forth illegal (although, as said before, the name 
was left out of the new Prayer-Book), but because 
one chalice it was thought would be sufficient for use 
in a small parish, and two chalices in a larger one ; 
and therefore, without any detriment to the proper 
administration of the Holy Communion, the others 
might be melted down to help fill the king's privy 
purse. There is not a single word as to the super- 
stitious use, or a hint why it should be abolished, 
otherwise than for purely pecuniary reasons; a fact 
which at once sets aside the theory, that the omis- 
sion of the chalice, &c., in the Second Book im- 
plied prohibition. This will be more clearly seen by 
an examination of the Commission itself, which is 
printed here, although the inventories of which we 
have especially to speak were completed five months 
before the Commisaion in question was issued. 



III. EoT. Pat. 6 Edw. TI., p. 7, m. 11, in dorw". 
"Jan. 16, 1553. 

"Edwardb the btxt, &e. To our trustye and 
ryght welbeloTed Counsailloura, syr Richard CottoD, 
knyght, Comptroller of our houshold, syr John 
Gale, kuyght, of Ticechamberley (sic), syr Robert 
Bowes, kuyght, maister of the Rolles of oar high 
Court of Chauncereye, Sy John Baker, koyght, 
and Syr John Mason, knight, and to our truatie 
and welbeloved servauots, syr Walter Myldmaye, 
knyght, one of our Generall Survey ours, John 
Lucas and Thomas Myldmay, Esquyers greting. 
Wherupon divers great and urgent conayderacions 
as movying. We have lately directed our Beverall 
CommysBions into divers and sundrye shyres and 
Countyes within this our Realme, to divers and 
snndrye persons for the vieu and survey of all 
and singuler gaodes, plate, Jewelles, belles, and or- 
naments belongyng or in any wyse apperteynyng 
to any churche, Chapell, Guilde, Brothered, Fra- 
temytye, or Company within this our Realme of 
Englond, and to retoume the full ananere and cer- 
tyfycat of the same vieu and survey unto us and our 
Pryvey Counsall in wryting according to the same 
our Gommyssiona and certain Instructions sent 
everallye unto the same Commyssioners therwith, 
lyke as in the same Commyssions and instructions 
at large ys conteyued. We mynding to uuder- 

■ Serenth Bepoit ol the Depnty-Seeper ol the Pnblio Beeords, 
p. 812. 



stond the full and hole reporte of the same vieues 
and surveys frome all places of this our Realme, 
and myndiog also to precede for divers great con- 
ByderacioQs us movyug to further order touching 
the said goodes, plate, Jewelles, belles, and orna- 
ments. Trusting in your fidelyties and approved 
wisedoraes have appoyucted and assigned you to he 
our Commyssyoners, and by these presente do geve 
unto you, seven, syx, fyve, or foure of yon, full 
power and auctorytye by lettres, precepts, or any 
other wayes or meanes to yon semyng resonable, to 
collect and briuge togeytber frome thandes of said 
Commyssioners or any of theym, or frome thandes 
of any other person or persons all and singuler, 
Buche full and hoole certyfycat or oertyfycates in 
wryting Which are and ought to be retoumed in 
aunswere of our said Commyesions and instruccions 
touching the survey and vieu of the goodes, plate, 
Jewelles, belles, and ornaments aforesaid. And yf 
uppon the same your Colleccion of the SEiid certy- 
fycates it shall appeare that Commyssions have not 
bene awarded for those purposes into all sheres, 
Countyes, and places within this our Bealme, but 
that eyther by neclygence or other occasions 
Bomme of the Commyssions of the same sheres, 
Counties, and places have byn omytted and not 
sent furth according to our former commauadement, 
Then our pleasure is that you, seven, syx, fyve, or 
four of you shall make relacyon of the same omys- 
sion and laoke to us our Fry vey Counsaill, to thintent 
order may be geven with expedicion for the spedy 

Li, .__b.L.oo^[c 


Bending furthe and addressing of such Com- - 
myseyons so lacking or omytted. And Wee do 
further geve unto you, seven, syx, fyve, or four of 
you, full power and auetorytye ymmedyatelye to 
collect, or cause to be collected and brought togey- 
ther, all and singuler redye money, plate, and Juellea 
certyfyed by our ComrayasioDers aforesaid to re- 
mayne in aoy church, Ghapell, Quild, Brothered, 
Fraternitye or company, in any shire, Countye, or 
place within this our Realms of Engloud, causing 
the said ready money to be delyvered by indenture 
to our use to thandes of our trustie serraunt air 
Edmond Feckham, Knyght, and oausing the said 
plate and Juelles to be delyvered lykewise by Inden- 
ture to our use to thandes of the maister of our Juell 
house for the tyme being. And to thintent the eaid 
Churches and Ghapelles may be fumysshedd of coo- 
venyent and comely things mete for thadmynystra- 
oioa of the holy Communyon in the same, Wee geye 
unto you, seven, syx, fyve, or four of you, full power 
and auetorytye to leave or cause to be leaft out of 
the said plate for the same purpose and to the same 
use in everye Chathedrall or Collegiat Churche 
where Chalyces be remayuyng one or two ohalyos 
by your discreacion, and in every small paryshe or 
chapell where Chalyos be remaynyng one chalyce, 
delyreryng or causing to be deyvered the same 
chalyca so appoynted to remayn to thuse aforesaid to 
thand the deane. Provost, Churchewardens, or other 
Mynysters of the said Churches and Chapells by 
Indenture in wryting, wherby to charge them and 

Li, .__b,Cooj^[c 


their Buccessours with the same herafter. And we 
gyve unto you, seven, syxe, fyve, or foure of you, 
full power and anctory after the honest and comely 
fumyture of ooverynges for the communyon table 
and surpIeB or surplesses for the mynyster or my- 
nysters in the said churches or chapella by your diB- 
creoions, to distribute or cause to be distrybuted and 
geven frely to the poore people in every parysh 
wheara the same churcheB and chapella etond and 
be, The resydue of the lynnyn, ornaments, and ym- 
plements of the said churches and chapelU in suche 
order and sort as may be most to G-odes glory and 
our honor. And we gyve unto seven, syx, fyve, or 
four of you full powe and auctory to sell or cause to 
be sold to our use all and singuler copes, vestments, 
Aulter clothes, and other ornaments whatsoever re- 
maynyng or being within any of the said churches 
or chapella not appoyncted by this our Commyssion 
to be leafte in the said churches or chapelles, or to 
be dystrybuted to the poore as afore ys declared. 
And also to sell or cause to be sold to our use 
by weight all parcells or pecea of metall except the 
metall of greatt bell, aaunse bells, in every of the 
said churches or chapells. The money commyng of 
whioha sales so to be made in forme before declayred 
and all other sommes of money whiche shall comme 
and be brought into our use by Tertue of this Com- 
myssion. We will ye shall delyver, or cause to be de- 
lyvered by Indenture to thandes of the said syr Ed- 
mond Peckham to our use, and our further pleasure 
and commaundement ys and we geve unto you, seven. 



Byx, fyve, or four of you, full power and auctorytye 
Btraightle to charge by all suche meaites and wayes 
as to you shall seme most oonvenyeut, the Deanea, 
provosts, Churche Wardens, myuystrea, or paryaah- 
OQors of the said Cburohee and CbapeUs, that they 
and everye of them do safely kepe unspoiled, unem- 
besiled, and unsold all snobe bells as do remayne in 
STerye of the said churches and ohapells, and the 
same to oonaerve untill our pleasnr be therein fur- 
ther knowne. And yf yt shall appere unto you 
uppOQ the said certyficats or otherwyse that any of 
the goodes, plate, Juellea, belles, or ornaments of 
the said Churches or Chapella have bene at any 
tyme heretofore sold, embesilled, withdrawen, or 
oonsealed by the Deanes, Provosts, Churchwardens, 
mynystres, parysshoners, or any other person or 
persons, and the Just pryses or profetts thereof not 
employed or converted to the godly and laufuU uses 
of the said Churches or Chapelles. Then we geve 
unto you, seven, syz, fyve, or four of you, full poorer 
and auctoryty by lettres, precepts, proces, or any 
other wayes or meanes to you semyog oonvenyent 
to cause and compell all and every person and per- 
sona, their executors or assigoes, which have sold, 
bought, embesilled, withdrawen, or concealed any of 
the said goodes, plate, Juells, bells, or ornaments, to 
make unto us due satysfaooion and payment for the 
same as to you, seven, syx, fyve, or four of you, shalbe 
thought reasonable. And forasmuche as ye cannot 
personally and presently execute your selfes this our 
CommyssioD in every shere, countie, and place of 

Li, .__b,Lioog[c 


this our Realme, according to the tenor of tbe same, 
and specyallf in tboee aliereB, Counties, and places 
vhiche be farre dyatant frome our Cyty of London. 
And we mynding to have delygent expedicion used 
for our service herein do geve unto you, seven, ayi, 
fyve, or four of you, full power and auctorytye to 
dyrect out lettres, precepts, or Instruccions under 
thande of you, aeven, syx, fyve, or four of you, to any 
ehere, Couutye, or place within thta our Kealme to 
any suche person or persons as ye shall thinke mete 
for our service in the satne, aucthorysyng therby 
tbem, or so many of them as ye shall tbinke conve- 
nyent to make colleccion to our use of the said ready 
money, plate, and Juells, and make sale to our use of 
the said coopes, vestments, and ornaments of sylke, 
without gold, sattyn of bridges, dornix, worsted, 
Saye, and of other thynges appoyncted to be sold as 
ys before declared, and to leave in every cburohe 
and Chapell suche Chalyce or Chalyoes and suche 
lynnyn fomyture for the same Churches and Cha- 
pelles as ys before appoynted, and to dystrybute the 
resydue of the said lynnyn, ornaments, and ymple- 
ments to the poore of everye paryshe in sort before 
declared. The same persoas and every of tbeym 
retoumyng unto you, seven, syx, fyve, or four of you, 
tbe said redy money,plate, and Juelles,and the money 
oommyng of the goodes so to be sold, and also all sucti 
Coopes, vestments, and ornaments as be not within 
the lymytt of their sale at a certayne daye to be pre- 
fyzed in your said lettres, precepts, and Instruccions, 
to thintent the said ready money, plate, and Juells 

Li, .__b.Cooj^lc 


may be delyvered to our use to thaudea of suche 
persoDB KB before are named and appoincted. And 
that the Coopea, TeBtmente, and omatneota ao to be 
brought to you by the said Comyssioners not sold 
may be by you sold to our use, and the money 
therof lykewyse delyvered to our use as ys before 
aasigned. Andyf yt ebalbe thought unto you, aeven, 
Byx, fy ve, or four of you, mete and ooveuyent for our 
more aaaured service and for the better aucthorytie 
of suche as shall serre ua in forme aforesaid in those 
shores, places, and Counties wher your aelfes cannot 
personally attend the thoxecucion of the premysaeB, 
that CommyssioDS be awarded frome us aeverally 
into everye of the aame Shires, places, or Counties 
for thezecuciou of the same. Then Wee will that 
you, seven, syx, fjrve, or four of you, shall make re- 
port unto us our pryvie Counaaill of your opynyooB 
therein frome tyme to tyme, to thintent Commysaions 
may he sent forthe by us to tfaend and effect before 
declared. And yf you shall fynde any person or 
persons that wilfully or stubhumly will refuse to 
obey any precept or commaundement whiohe you 
our said Commysaioners, seven, ayx, fyve, or four 
of you, shall geve unto them in or abute tbexecucioa 
of the premisses, That then we gyve unto you 
full power and auctorytye to commytt every euobe 
person and persons to warde aud prysoD, there to 
remayne without bale or maynpryse untill such 
tyme as you shall thiuke the same ympryaou- 
ment to he condigne for his or their offences, or 
shall have made such fyne for his said offences 

Li, .__b.Cooj^lc 


as to your wyadomes shalbe thought convenjent. 
Wherfore We will and command you and every 
of you to attend and execute the premieseB accord- 
ingly. And moreover We will and commaund all 
and sin^ulsr Mayours, Sheryves, Justices, BaillySs, 
Constables, Hedboroughea, all Cnrats, Parsons, 
Vicars, Churchwardens, and all other our Officers, 
Mynysters, and faithful! Subjects, that they and 
every of them be ayding, helpyng, counsailling, 
and assisting, and furthering you in and about 
the due execuciou herof as they tender our pleasure, 
and will aunawere to the contrary at their extreme 
parells. And this our Commyssyon shalbe to you 
and every of you sufficient Warrant and Discharge 
in that bebalfe. T. R. apud Westmonasterium zvj 
die Januarii. Per ipaum Regem, &o." 

We see by this Commission that "all singuler 
redye money, plate, and Juelles," which are to 
be " immediately collected and brought together," 
are especially to be confiscated to the king's use. 
This at once shevs the character of the Commia- 
sioa ; and when we look to the Articles, we find 
this character more fully exhibited. The coverings 
of the Communion-table, and other linen ornameata 
over and above what were actually needed, were 
to be given to the poor, "in such sort as may be 
most to God's glory and our honour;" the copes 
and other rich vestments are to be sold, and the 
proceeds given, not " to God's glory," but " to our 

b. Ljooj^lc 


own use;" the belle are to go excepting one big 
bell, (vhicb it seemed necessary to leaTe to call 
people together,) and the "Saunce bell," (which 
was BO small that it would have added very little 
to the king's exchequer). This last definite in- 
struction to the Gommiseioners — that the " Saonce 
bell," (which, whether it here means the little 
hand-bell inside, or the bell in the little bell-cot 
oatside, was rung at the Elevation of the Host,) 
was to be retained — shews how little the desire to 
rid the Church of superstitious ornaments was pre- 
sent to the minds 6( the Commissioners, or else we 
must belieTe that the ringing of the bell, and all 
the meaning which it iDTolTes, was not by them 
considered to be superstitions, and so not to be in- 
cluded amongst illegal Ornaments. 

The history of Edward the Sixth's reign as re- 
gards religion, when written in the light of au- 
thentic documents, is rery difiFerent to that fre- 
quently written under the influence of Protestant 
zeal, or of the contempt for all real and earnest 
religious feeling whatever, displayed in one at lea«t 
of our modern historians who has written of this 

These loYentories enable us to form some notion 
of the beauty and costliness of the ornaments with 
which even our smaller parish churches had been, 
by the devotion and piety of the parishioners, en- 
dowed. They shew us, moreover, that for years 

u, _....C.ooglc 

iKTROinjcTioir. xli 

after the Befarmation may be said to have been 
complete, — after the new Prayer-Book had been in 
use four or five years, — after all the ornaments 
adjudged to be BuperstitiouB bad, in accordance 
■with Edward the Sixth's Injunctions of 1548, been 
done away w ith, — after Protestant zeal had had its 
sway, and unlawful peculation had had its fling, 
there was much remaining for the grasping hand 
of the Crown to melt down, or turn into money, 
in order to bene&t the royal exchequer. 

But they have a definite aod peculiar interest 
for us. As long as the rubrick at the beginning 
of our Frayer-Book stands, and as long as that 
Prayer-Book is part of an Act of Parliament un- 
repealed, "the Ornaments of the Church and of 
the Ministers thereof, as they were in use by the 
authority of Parliament in the second year of King 
Edward YI.tb," and continued so until the sixth 
year of the same king, must have an interest and 
concern for us. 'Whether it is ruled that the clause 
was in some indefinite and obscure manner re- 
pealed in Elizabeth's reign or not, it has still to 
be shewn why it was reprinted exactly as it stood 
when the Prayer-Book was carefully revised in 
King James the First's reign, and more so, why the 
substance of the original rubrick was repeated, 
strengthened only in its form by the change or 
addition of a few words. 

No doubt disuse of many of these Ornaments per- 

Li, .__b,Liooj^[c 


mitted, nay more, freqaently encouraged, in obe- 
dience to popular clamour, by those in bigli posi- 
tion in the Church of England, when laxity in all 
matters of religion was the fashion, has rendered 
it not only difficult, but, as is contended, unwise 
and impolitic to enforce the use of them at the pre- 
sent time : still, as long as disuse does not in such 
cases, by the law of the land, involve forfeiture of 
rights, the Ornaments recorded in these Inventories 
must, until the same powers which ordained them 
in 1662 (that is. Convocation and Parliament com- 
bined) take them away, be considered the true and 
lawful Ornaments of the ministers and of the Churoh 
now, and therefore worthy of the attention of all 
who respect discipline, and have qo sympathy with 
the laxity which brought them into disuse. 

These Inventories are given entire, with the ex- 
ception of the headings, and the memoranda of 
exhibition. The Newbury inventory represents in 
general the prescribed form almost invariably 
adopted. Where the words are contracted in the 
originals, they are here, as a rule, printed in extenao. 

As the lists are not extensive, it is scarcely ne- 
cessary to make any remarks upon them here. 

It will be observed that there are many words 
which, from disuse, have become either obscure, or 
onintelligible. A few brief notes, therefore, have 

Li, .__b.Cooj^lc 


been added at the foot of the page. Instead -of 
burdening the text, fuller explanations of the less- 
used words, and of the special subjects to which 
the Inventories refer, have been relegated to a 
Glossary at the end. These do not profess to be 
new, or of any historical value; they are takeo 
from the writings of several well-known authors, 
. treating of liturgical subjects ; but the substance 
of the information thus scattered in various works, 
is brought together here for the convenience of 






I. VxwavKi, 



III. Aldevorthe, . 

1 Aug 

IT. Arington, 

4 Aug 

V. Bedon. . 

4 Aug 

Ti. Boiwoorth [Bosford], 

4 Aug 

VII. Brightwalton, . 

4 Aug 

Tin. Brimpton, 

4 Aug 

IX. Brjtwell, 

6 Aug 

x. BucUebmy, . 

4 Aug 

XL Burfjld, 

2 Aug 

XII. Chadlewortb, . 

4 Aug 

XIII. Chjreley, 

4 Aug 

IIT. Colleshill, . ■ 


XT. Enborne, 

4 Aug 

XVI. Eogletjlde. . 

2 Aug 

XVII. Estgaraton. . 

4 Aug 

4 Aug 

iix. Norlhe Fawlej, 

4 Aug 

XX. FfrjUham, 

4 Aug 

XXI. Fiuchamsted, . 


XXII. Greneham Cap", 

4 Aug 

xxm. Hampsted MarshaU, 

4 Aug 

XXIV. Hampsted Konjes, 

4 Aug 

XXV. HuQgerTord, . 

4 Aug 

xivi. Hurley, 


xivu. Est Illealey, . 

4 Aug 

xxTiu. West Dlesley, . 

4 Aug 

xsii. Inckpene, 

4 Aug 

XXX. Kyntbury, 

4 Aug 

XXXI. Lambome Chnrche eon 

CapeUa de Estbury 

annexala, . 

. 4 Aug 



ixxn. Leckhamstedd, 

4 Aug. 

. 37 

xxxiir. Lockinge, 

6 Aug. 

. i6. 

xxxiT. Marlestone, 

i Aug. 

. 28 

2 Aug. 

. *. 

xsxTL Moiiiaford, 

6 Aug. 

. i6. 

xxrvii. Oore, . 


. 29 

IMTIII. Peasmoore, 

4 Aug. 

. 30 

ixxix. Sandhurst, 

1 Aug. 

. 31 

XL. Shaulboume, 

4 Aug. 

. i6. 

XLi. Shaw, . 

4 Aug. 

. 33 

XLii. Shefforde Magna, 

4 Aug. 

. 34 

luii. Ljtle Shefloord, 

4 Aug. 

. 3S 

XLiv. Shenfllde, 


. .*. 

IL7. Shottesbtoke, . 

1 Aug. 

. 36 


. 37 

XLTH. Solwell, 

6 Aug. 

. i6. 

XLviii. Spene, . 

4 Aug. 

. 38 

xLix. Stanfourd Djnlowe, 

4 Aug. 

. .■*. 

L. Snlham, 

2 Aug. 

. 39 

LI. Sulhampatede Abbott, 

2 Aug. 

. 40 

Lii. Vfton, . 

2 Aug. 

. 41 

LIIL Wftlfonrd [Welford], 

4 Aug. 

. ib. 

uv. M SaiuctesmWaUji^ 


6 Aug. 

. 42 

LT. SuutLeoaardesinWal 



. a. 

LVL S' Marjea in Walljng 


6 Aug. 

. 43 

Lvn. Sainte Feters in Wal 


2 Aug. 

. 44 

LViii. Warfilde, 

1 Aug. 

. ib. 

tix. Waainge, 

4 Aug. 

. 45 

Lx. Wiokham, . 

4 Aug. 

. ib. 

LSI. Wonlbampton, 

1 Aug. 

. 46 

Liii. Wjnterburne, . 

* Aug. 

. a. 

LXUL Yatendone, 

4 Aug. 

. i&. 


Conntg of fBfrks. 

Tbys Inventory Indeated made the seconde daye 
of Auguste ia the sexte yere of the Baigns of o' 
soueraigne Lorde Edwarda the aizte betwene the 
Comyssyoaers of o' said eoueraigne Lorde for the 
Tyeve of all goades plate JuelleB belles and orna- 
mentea to euery Chourche Se Chap ell w'in the 
Countye of Berk, belonginge or in any wyse ap- 
pertaignynge of the one partye & Thomas Dolman 
& William Blandy & Anthony Harmer & Richard 
Cooke Churche wardens of the peryshe churche of 
Newhnry in the said countye of the other partye 
Wittenessethe that the said Comyssy oners haue 
delyvered by thies presentes to the said Chnrche 
Wardens All paroelles here after partyoulerly wryt- 
tene viz. one Challys n* A pattene parcell gylte ' 
A cope of fyne blewe velvett embroydered w' 
spanges *" of golds one other Cope of Clothe of bawdy 
kyne", certene lynene Appoynted for the sersyce 
of the mynystracion of the Comyuuyone ij" payer 

■ Qilt irndde onlj, or porti&Uj gilt. 

^ SpangleE, 

' TiBEue, or olotli of gold, bom Baldacca. 



of orgaynB* v belles hanginge in the Tower A 
Clothe of fyne Arras* couteynynge in lenthe iij 
yardes & in bredthe ij yardea & di. w** dyd hange 
Att the highe Alter and a sanotns bell '. Aad all 
the Beid parcels eafly to be kept & preserued And 
the same and enery parcell therof to be forthcom- 
mynge at all tymes when it shalbe of them re- 
quyred In Witnease wherof aawell the aeid Com- 
missioners as the seid cburchewardens to this In- 
Tentory haue subscribed their names. The day and 
yere aboue writtene. 

per Thomas Dolhan e 
per me Wtllyam blandt * 
per me Arther harhar' 
per me Rycherd cose ^ 

' The word oigon, in the euisnlu, itks nereT formerly used. 

• Tapeetr;, from Arras, i.e. cloth of airaa. 

' The aanatns-bell wm often a simple hand.bell. 

■ An opulent clothier of Newbury. In the year 1561, he com- 
pleted the stately Elizabethan mansion no* colled Shaw Home. 
Ba serred the office of Sheriff of this county, 81 Elizabeth. 

^ Also a wealthy olothier of Newbury, and a man of letters. 
He translated the five books ot Jerome Osoiio, pabliehed by 
Thomas Marsh in 1676. 

' Spelt " Harmer" in the text, a member ol au old Newboiy 
lamily; one of whom, Dr. John Harmer, was Head Master of 
Winchester School in 1688, and Warden in 1696. 

^ The family at Cooke were engaged in the clothing trade, then 
the Btq>le manafactnre of Newbory, and oonaiderable benefactors 
to the parish. John Cooke was Mayor in 1687 and 1618. 


II. ALDERMASTONE, 2 Aug., 6 Edw. TI. 

WiUiam SorMh/ and MyUs ffawhym CHwchewardent. 

iij belles weyinge XTJ' A saunae bell' weynge 
halfe a hunderd A hande bell weyioge t pounde ij 
CandleBtickes of brase weynge Ix*" ij Smale Candil- 
stickea weyinge vj" ij Crossee of lattene" weynge 
ij** one crose of led veynge A pounde and A halfe 
A peyre of Cruettea" of Tyne" price iiij^ A haly- 
water pott of brasee weynge ij'' A Certene of 
owlde leron ? weyinge xij'' A cope of Russett "> 
Teluytt iij vestmentes on Sattene Bridges ' bor- 
derd w* golde one of whyte damaske' & one of 
blacke fustane apes ' ij Surplices iij Towelles one of 
dyaper & ij of lynene ij Corprisses" of veluyt 
ibrotherd w* golde A Cbalyse of Syluer percell gylte 
weynge zviij ownces A pise of lattene weynge 

» Of latten matal. 

■ The flasks, or emeta, ooniuniiig the wine and water naed at 
the altar. When in pairs, the letter Y. (vimim) was engraved on 
one, and A. (agua) on the other. 

" Tin. 

1 Of russet or brown oolonr. 
' Satin from Broges. 
* Oloth of Damascos. 

■ Fastian, from Naples. 

■ Each Oorpoias was ol velvet embroidered with gold. 

b, Lioogic 


halfe A li' A Canapy * w* A Coneringe of fifustyaDe 
apes A banner Clothe of Sylke & ij owld Stremers 
ij Cruettes price iiij^ A aacrynge bell' price ij* 
j^llowbers" price viij* t owld Alter Clothes And 
All the foresaid percells safly to be kepte &q. 

m. AtDEWORTHE, 4 Aug., 6 Edw. "VI, 
Robert ffolm«t and Edmund Hmtty Ohwrohe wardent. 

One Chalice of syluer percell gylte wayinge x 
owncea di. two Corporaces of holland clothe one 
alter clothe of lockerame * one payntid clothe before 
the alter of canvas one Crosae of latten one Candle- 
etycke of brasse two Crewettes of leade a vestyment 
of blewe worsted Imbrodered w* golde w* one albe 
and faonelP of Lockerame for the same one old 
veetyment of yellowe sylke w' albe & faonell of 
hollande clothe for the same one Surplice of locker- 
ame one Oope of blewe Damaske imbroderid w* 
golde one payer of Senaers ' of brasse one Crysma- 
torye of leade three banner clothes of Canvas three 
belles one Sanctus bell one hande bell two sakeringe 

• EaU-^ponnd. 

' A hood, or tabemsde, oTsr the altar, nader the shadow ot 
which the pii wag Bnapeuded. 
' Saciing or Baurameat-bell. 
■ Pillow-oaseg. 

* Lookeram is a fine linen doth, to be distingniahed from Boke- 

* Th« tanon, or tiuniple. 
■ CenMTB <ye thnnMea, 



belles all vayinge xiiij hundred vaighte di. And 
all the said percelleB safely to be kepte &c 

IT, AVINGTON, 4 Aug., 6 Edt. YI. 
John Ckocke paryihenor. 
A Challice w* a Corporouse case*, thre payre of 
Teatymentea of sylke twoo alter clothes, a Surplice, 
two Coopes, a boke, a Cniett, fyre bannara a payuted 
clothe a clothe of Doraixe* before thaulter, tvo 
Coffers iiij Candlestiokes two belles a sakaring bell 
a crosse copper and gilte w' two other Crosses And 
the same percels safeley to be kepte &c. 

T. BEDON (Btddon), 4 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 
Wiiliam Spyosr Sf Sttphyn GyUa, Chwohewardent. 
Viz, A challice of sylver parcell gilt weinge 
zj ounces thre copes whereof one of blacke dam- 
aske thother of right grene sattyn ymbrodered w* 
gould wyar and the thurde of redd sylke and grene 
wrought to gether, thre payre of veatymentes, one 
of redd veluett thother two of bridges aattyn color 
grene and tuwnye, the clothe that hangithe before 
thaulter of blewe sattyn bridges two aulter clothes 
of canvas two surplioea of lockeram a sepulcre 
clothe' of white sarcenett a pyxe and a crosse of 
brasae, and three belles by estymatyon weinge zx 
And all the said parcelles safeley to be kepte &o. 

' A Case to oootun the ooiporiiB. 

• fitnfr from Toonu^ or Domeck. 

* A cloth tor the Eaatet, oi Hol;-week sepnlchn. 

b. Lioogic 


TI. BOXWOURTH [Boxfobd], 4 Aug., 6 Edw. TI. 
Joltn Moldway and John St/mei Churchswardens. 

Odb dialles a Crosee of Cooper and gilt a nother 
orosse of timber oovered w* brasae, one Coope of 
blew Teluet embroydered w* ymages of AngelleB, 
one veetyment of the same sute w' an albe of Locke- 
ram, twoo vestymeotes of Dornexe aad tbre otber 
very old, two old and course albes of lockeram, twoo 
old Coopes of Dorneze iiij alter clothes of lyiien 
clothe, two Corperesses w' twoo cases wherof one is 
embroydered two Surplices and one Rochett one 
byble and the paraphraays of Erasmus in englysshe 
Seven banners of lockeram and one Streamer all 
paynted, three froote clothes for awlters wherof 
one of them is w* paynes « of white damaske and 
blacks satten and the other two of old vestymentes 
two towelles of lyneu, iiij candlestickes of latten 
and two standertes ** before the highe awlter of lat- 
ten a leot vayle ' before the highe awlter w* paynes 
blewe and white, two candlestickes of latten and 
fyve brauDches a peace three greate belles w* one 
sawnce bell zz°. one Canopy of Clothe a Coyeringe 
of Dornixe for the Sepulcre two cruettes of pewter 
a halywater pot of latten a lynyn clothe to drawe 

I CompoBed of paueB, or sxa&U BqaaTes. 
k Laxge atandoid oondlesticks, placed before the altar, 
' The Tail, or Lent cloth, whioh daring Lent was s 
before the altar. 



before tlie roode ^ And all the seid percela safely t< 
be kepte, &c. 

YU. BEIGHTWALTON, 4 Aug., 6 Edw. TI. 
Itaulfe Boda and William Sulett ehurcheteardmt, 

A Cope of crymsoQ veluett ymbrojdered w* 
ymages and braunches of gould wyar and aylke 
a cope of blew satyn braunchedd' w' gold foyle 
one pair of vestymentes of blew aatyn of Sypers " 
brannohed w' gold foyle, a nother payre of satyo 
of sypers nighe wome & pair of veatymeuteB of blew 
sylke and yelow a nother pair of vestymentes of 
red and greoe two olde Surplices a pix of brasse 
couered w* lawne and redd sylke taaeelles a old 
corporouse case of grene and wbite sylke a nother 
corporouse case of blew sylke two corporous clothes 
of holande clothe, two aulter clothes one of dyaper 
a nother of holande a awlter cloth of lockeram a 
paire of old holand sbetes two banner clothes of 
sylke, oue streamer, iiij banner clothes lynen clothe 
one old Diaper towelle, a lockeram towelle, a old 
sylke clothe to here over the pyxe a old yayle of 
lynen clothe to hang over thwart the Chaunselle 
a founte clothe" of lynen paynted a lytell pyllow 

* The Rood, oi crcMS-oloth. 

■ Wrought ^tb flgnrea Teflembling branoheB, ot leaves. 

■ Staff, of Cypma. 

• FoQut, or Font doth. 


8 CHUBCH ooom 

with a pylloir bere two Challeoes of Byluer weing 
xs ouncea one crosse of laten and gilt brokenne 
in the myddle a orosBe of tree oouered w' hraase 
plate, two cruettea of led, a paire of Saynaora of 
brasae a holywater pott of brasse fyve brasenne 
candlestickes for thaulter, thre belles hanginge in 
the tower and one lytle belle to ringe before a 
corae And all the saide percellea aafely to be 
kepte &c. 

Tin. BEIMPTOlf, 4 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 
jRoberU Sigham and Qeorgs IlU»Uy, Chwchwardmt. 

two ChalleaaeB of syluer weinge zxiiij ownces, 
thre belles of one Chyme weinge viij' weighte, 
a burienge bell, a aakeringe bell, a paxe of braase, 
iiij Candleatickes of brasse, two basonnes of latten, 
one Saynaor of latten, one lampe of latten, and two 
Crosses of wood covered w' latten, one Cope of redd 
Teluett apanged w' gould, one veatymente of redd 
satten of bridgea, one hatywater pott of braaae, one 
pyxe, a canapye of latten with a Clothe, a corpo- 
roose case embrodered w* clothe of goalde, a oorpo- 
roose case of righte aatten, two paynted clothes, 
and a rode clothe of redd and yellowe twoo sur- 
plices of lockeram and one banner clothe of locke- 
ram, old, And all the aaide percellea Safely to be 
kepte &o. 



EX. BBTTWELL, 6 August, 6 Edwieb TI. 
Oeffery forde Sf Thorns Stanyford, Chwohwardent. 
ij sylver clalleaes of whyche the on ys brokene 
And the cuppe ye gylte & the knote" Bomwhate, 
iij bellea & A eauntua bell, one Cope & A vestemeut 
of whyte chainlet^ w' Albe & Amyee belooginge 
Therto, one Cope of read sylke & A vestment w' 
Albe & amyse, one cope of blewe sylke And a Testa- 
ment w* Albe & Amyae, one vestamente of sainte 
Thorns wolsted ^ blacke and Red w' Albe and Amyse, 
one sylke vestameote of grene & blewe w' Albe 
& Amyse, one cross of 1 . . And All the foresaid 
percelles saufly to be kepte & preaemed .... 

X. BTICKLEBTJET, 4 Aug., 6* Edw. TI. 
WiUiam Ooddardt ^ John Sarltrt Ckwchewardmi. 

iiij" great belles, the fore bell wayinge by eaty- 
macion t" waighte, the secounde bell wayingo by 
eetymacion vij' waigbte, the thridde bell wayinge 
by estymaoion iz" waighte, the greate bell waying 
by estymacion xj° waighte, two sanctus belles, and 
one leche ' bell, two payer of Candlestyokes of latten, 
a holy water potte of lattyne, a basyne and a Ewer 

• Qy. Znob, or knot 

» Camlet. 

4 A Tsstment with a figure ot Bt. ThomM woiked in wonted. 

' Liob, or bnivtl-bell. 

I; COOg[c 


of lattyne, xiij bolles ' of leade to sett Tapers before 
the Koode, a herse of Irooe, one sorplia, one 
Tochett, one alter clothe, and one Tovell of Dyaper, 
two Alter clothes of lockerame, a Sedd Saten Coope 
w* a blewe Damaske border, a Bedde brotherid coope 
V* a blewe satten bordre, one Redd Syl^ coope w* 
two tunycles Kedd sylke and grene, a Redd aatten 
Teetyment w* a redd satten croaae, a grene saten 
vestyment w' a Redd croaae of sattene, a redd saye ' 
veatyment w' a grene saye croase, a veatyment of 
Tawnye saye w' a redd saye orosse, a redd aylke 
■vestyneat w' a redd sylke crease, v Albes of locke- 
rame w' amyces, a corpoua clothe, ane olde froante " 
of sylke and rellvett panyd, two payntid clothes w'''' 
wer wonnt to cover the Sepulcre, a clothe of can- 
vas payntid w' redd panes and yellowe. And all the 
aaid percelles safely to be kepte &c. 

XI. BTTRFTLD, 2 August, 6 Etwasd TI. 
William Eyrton and Barthtlmwe Brewer, Ckurchtoarient. 
one veatyment of blewe Damaske w' the orosse 
embredered -w^ syluer & golde w* albe and Amys 
to the same, one grene veBtiment of eattene of 
brydges w' a Crosse of sattene w' albe and Amys, 
one Chalioe percell gylte, one pyxe of sylver, ij" 
greate Candlestyckes of brasse, one holy water pott 
of brasse, one lytle pawll of sattene of brydgee 

■ Bmall sooDcw, bowl-ahaped. ' B«rge made entiiftlj ot irooL 
■ Altu-doUi, or aUar-frontaL 



blewe and yellowe, one Cope of blewe vellTett w"* 
the orosse imbrethered w' golde, one lytle Candle- 
Btycke of braaae, tvo banner clothes of sylke, and 
ij" others and t belles in the steple, and six s. in 
money. And all the foresaid percellea & money 
salfly to be kepte and preseruid .... 

XII. CHADLEWOKTH, 4 Ang., 6 Edw. YI. 
John Paty and John Glovyer Ohwchwardent. 

One Challice of ayluer perceU gilte weing xv 
ounces, one Coope of red veluet embroydered w' 
gold wyar, one other Coope lyke unto twillye the 
border of woursted, thre payre of TestymenteB one 
of redd veluet one w' cheker veluett', and one of 
grene domyxe, thre corporouse clothes w' their 
cases, one of grene veluett one of redd Satten, 
and thother of ruaaett veluett, two Surplices of 
holande, fyve awlter clothes, thre of holande and 
two of lockeram, fower toweUes one of dyaper thre 
of lockeram, one Crosse of lattyn, two payre of 
Oandlestickes, and a Saynsor of latten, twoo cru- 
ettes of tynne, one pyxe of lattyn, three paynted 
clothes for the fronte of thaulter, thre belles, a 
sawuce bell, and a halywater pott of brasse And 
all the saide peroelles safely to be kepte &c. 

■ Oheokared Telvet, Le. fonued into Uttl« sqaateB, b; lines, 01 
BtiipB of different mlonrs. 

b. Cookie 


Xm. CHYVELET, 4 Aug., &^ Edw. VI. 
JFiUiam OoxAtdd and John JBedd Churcheu>ardm«. 
Viz' ij chalices of siluer percell gilt w* patens of 
the same poz ' xxt oz, twoo CaDdlestickee and a pix 
of brasBe, one cope of veluett embrodered w^ golde, 
one surples of holand clothe, ij alter clothes, ij 
towels & ij napkins of holand ■ iij great bells and 
a eanctus bell poz by estymacion xlv*" and all^ the 
seid percels safely to be kepte &c. 

XIV. COLLESHILL, 6 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 
Noe Pm-fight Sf John Qeodion, CAurchwardem. 
One cbalicB of siluer percell gilte another chalice 
wherof the paten & the vpper parte is siluer percell 
gilte and the Bottom Copper. A cope of Tawny 
Teluet and a veetment of the same, a cope of white 
eilke olde. iij alt' clothes, iij Towelles. a S^les 
and a Bochett. ij° belles, a sanctus bell, a pece 
of a broken belle. And all the said percelles sau- 
flie to be kept and preserved .... 

XV. ENBOKNE, 4 Aug., 6 Edw. 6. 

Thomat Waterman and John Adeoch» Cha-chetcardeni. 

A Crosse of Coppetj one Cballioe of sylrer gylte 

weinge ix ouncf and a baulfe savinge viij', one 



CorpoToiiae case of redd veluet w* one Corpores 
of hollande, one Saynsor of brasse, two lytle Can- 
dleetickes of braaee, one balywater pott of brasse, 
one basonne of pewter, one payre of Testymentea 
of satten k bridges w* tbapprtenaunces belonginge 
to them savinge the albes, one payre of Testymentes 
of blewe sylke w* thapp'tenauncs Bavioge thalbes, 
one vestyment of grene cruelle *> w* owt anny lyn- 
nen, one Coope of blewe braunched damaske w* 
flowers of goulde, a pyze of brasse, a Canopy of 
wbite sylke, an old Cbeseble of cruelle, two Sur> 
plices of lockeram, iiij towelles of lockeram, thre 
aulter olothes of lockeram, one lockeram shete, two 
belles, a lytelle belle and two sakaringe belles. 
And all tbe saide percelles safely to be kepte &c. 

XVI. ENGLEFYLDE, 2 Aug.. 6 Enw. VI. 
WHUam Ourtys S^ Richard Vtfeaull, Churehwarden*. 

One chalice of syluer & gylte & one pyx of syluer 
ij Copea one of purple velvett & one of grene da- 
maeke v payer of vestmentes vz one of Russett vel- 
vett one of purple sylke one of blewe velrett one 
blacke vestment A frount And (A) Table for tbe 
highe Altar of Russet velvet & whyghte tynsell 
eaten one clothe for tbe sacrament of purple sylke 
An olde canapie of clothe of golde & crimsen velvett 
iij ousehens vz one of clothe of sylu' & velvet one of 

■> A fine kind of wonted. 



Busset velvet & one of red velvet one surplesse iij 
Alter clothes iij towelles & ij shetes ooe corporasae 
kerchefie*, And iij corporass cases vz one of clothe 
of Golde & crimsen saten one of clothe of syluer & 
crymsen saten, & one of Husset velvet, iiij Litle 
candybtyckes of brase, ij crosses of brase & ij 
Lampes of brase, iij belles comenlye oawled the 
great bellos, A sanctua bell, A tyche bell. And A 
saoringe bell, one boly water pote of brase, A payre 
of sensera, & A Ship * of brase, And All the foresaid 
porcells Safely to be kept &c. 

XVII. ESTGAB8T0N, 4 Aug.. e* Edw. YI. 
John 8[toon] and Thomat Edwardei ChwchmBordem. 

Viz' A Challyce of sylver doblo gilt, a cballice 
of sylver percell gilt, a pyxe of ayluer percell gylt 
w' a lytle Spone of syluer, a pyxe of brasse, a crosse 
of wood couered w' annyled plate, two crosses of 
copper and gilt and to every one of them a fote 
of brasse, two grete candlesticks, iiij smaule, two 
Saynaors a halywater pott of brasse, a crosse staflF 
couered w' latyn, fyve belles a saunctus bell and 
a lytell belle, a Cope of redd veluet w' flowers of 
gould and sylke thofires " of nedle wourke, a old 
Coope of white baulkyne, a vestyment of Damaske 

' The oorporaB napkiil. 
■* SMp, to hold the inoense. 

• OrpkrefB. Bands ol embioidei?, or needlework, sewn on ti 



red w' flowers the orosae blewe damaske w* albe and 
amyce, a Testymeut of blew damaske w' the crosse 
nedle wourke w* albe and amyce, a Testyment of 
blewe damaske w* the crease of redd veluett w' albe 
and amyce, a old YeBtyment w* two tunacles of redd 
sarcenet w'owt albea and amyce, iiij old yestymeatea 
twoo of redd Domeze one of grene and one of greae 
baulkyne all lacking albea and amyces, two hang- 
inges for thover parte of thaulter one of sattyn redd 
and grene thother of Damaake wliite and blew 
wrought w' gould fyve one corporouB case, ess ble?r 
another redd T^reii'^hte ™* '^^■jlde one of volett 
estty^ r^-* psse of geuld tT^o of bkoko veluett wberof 
iiij atolne [pen run tbroiigh. If five, then of course, 
four being stolen, one remains] iiij corporouse 
clothes, fy ve aulter clothes of lynyne, twoo Surplices, 
a streamer of redd aarcenett, a banner of yelow sar- 
cenet, the herse yron, wherof parte ia occupyed in 
gemous ^ and staples for the pore mens chest, a old 
pawie of grene baulkyne and iiij hanginges of 
buckeram, redd and yellowe. And all the said 
percellea safely to be kepte &c. 

XVm. FARNBOKOUGH, 4 Aug., e* Enw. VI. 
Jamet Sichardti and William Warm Chwchewardma. 

three belles and a sanctus belle in the Tower, 
one Chalice of sylver gyltid w'in waying xij vnnoesj 

b. Lioogie 


one Grosee of brasse, a pyxe of brasse, two Candle- 
Btyckes of brasse, one Censer of brasee, one holy 
water pott of brasse, one alter Clothe whiche the 
peiyehe hsthe boughte, one vestyment of Dornyxe. 
All which percelles safely to be kepte Sec. 

XIX. NORTHE FAWLET, 4 Aug., 6 Edw, YI. 

John Ji/Mher and Itob&rt Sitcheman Chwehtwardent. 

A Challice of sylver parcell gilte, a crosse .of 
Coopper, two payre of oandlestickes of brasse, a 
Saynsor of brasse, a pyxe of coopper w' a canopy of 
brasse, a paire of yestymentea of Dunne veluett, 
a paire of veatymentes of Dorneze, a Coope of 
btewe veluett, two Surplices, thre aalter clothes of 
lockeram, and one towelle, one stremer of canvas 
paynted, iiij banners of buckeram grene redd and 
white, two smaule belles, a lytche belle, and tow 
sakaring belles, a halywater pott of brasse, & a 
fonte clothe of lockeram. And all the saide par- 
celles safely to be kepte Sec, 

XX. FFRTLSHAM, 4 Aug., 6* Edw. VI"'. 

Edfeard Slade and Riohard Swayne, Chweheteard^u. 

two awlter Clothes, two vestymentes one of redd 
damaske flowered the niyddell grene thother darke 
tawnye sylke blewe standing in the myddest, a cope 
of grene Saye, twoo hangingea thone paire of redd 



damaske and a nother of white thother of redd and 
yellowe, one challice sylver and gilte weinge zj 
ounces, one pyxe-of latten, one saynsor of latten, 
a halywater pott of laten, twoo belles twoo hande 
belles and two sakeringe belles Tiij" weighte, a Sur- 
plice, a roohett, a towelle and one Corporouse. And 
all the saide percellee safely to be kepte &c. 

XXI. riNCHAMSTED, 1 Aug., 6 Edw. TI. 
Siehard Hedger S^ William Solwaie ChurehicardeiU. 

A Littell Chales of siluer w* a Couer of ailuer 
percill '' gilt. Thre belles wherof is owing for one 
of them which of late was new caste L', a Littell 
sanctns bell. Too olde copes, Too olde Testmentes, 
a croBse of copper & gylte. a Corporas case of Bed 
velvet, one olde silke clothe haaging before the 
hie aulter, one surpUs, Too Stremers & one baner 
clothe, a pize of Latin, one oyle boze of Tynne. 
A Bible & a paraphrasis, And all the said peroelles 
sauflie to be kepte & p'serued . . . 

XXn. GREKEHAM CAP"*, 4 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 

John Nortoti ehwchvtoarden and William Stoor» paryakenor 

of Qrmeham, 

A Cballice of Sylver weinge xiij ounces, a bell of 

braase weinge by estymation one c, twoo payre of 

^ Percill, mitten at length. 

Li, ___l; COOglC 


restymeiites one of blacke veluett w' redd crosses 
of velnett tbother of blewe damasks crosses w' yel- 
lowe damaske, a Coope of blewe Battyn of bridges 
broydered w* red eaten of bridges, one corporouse 
case of clothe of gould and one Corporonse, two 
Candlestickes of brasse, a basonne and ewer of lat- 
tyn, & two aulter clothes of lookeram. And all the 
saide percells safely to be kepte, &g. 

Robert May and John Waee Ckurchwardtnt. 

One Challioe of syluer percell gilte welng z 
ounces, one vestymente of redd veluett the crosae 
therof of gonld and sylke embroydered to gether, 
a Testymente of blewe veluett the oroBse thereof of 
goulde and sylke embroydered to gether, a vesty- 
ment of black wourstedd the crosae therof blacke 
damaske, a vestymente of blew sarcenett the crossa 
therof grene sarcenett, a old vestymente of Raye \ 
three corporouses one of redd sattea of bridges 
spanged upon w* gonld and sylke to gethers, one 
other of blacke veluett and tynseled Batten K and 
one other of grene sylke, and one corporas clothe 
of holonde to them belonginge, twoo Coopes of 
blewe damaske ymbroydered w* sylke and the other 
of white fustysn borderd w* Say, two pillowes wher- 

1 SUk ol itB nataral ooltmr, that baa never been SyeA. 

Li, ___b.Cooglc 


of one couered w' a clothe of grene sylke aod redd 
wroughte to gether, tother w' lockeram paynted, 
A pawle of sylke, thre Surplices, one rochett, thre 
towelles all of lockeram, vj awlter clothes thre of 
holland thre of lockeram, a fonte clothe of locke- 
ram, two clothes of crease cloth '^ thone to drawe 
before thaulter in the chauncelle in leate tyme, 
thother paynted clothe that B'uethe one of thaulters, 
a clothe TBuaUy hanginge before the roode viij 
bannars all of lockeram paynted, two banoars of 
canrarse paynted, a Cote of redd saten of bridges 
that s'ued for the roode, a pyze of brasse, a boxe 
of Ivery in hett [it], twoo Cross*, two Candlestickee 
that s've for the highe awlter of brasBe, one payre 
of Saynsoares, one halywater pott, one yower, one 
oyle Tate', iij paces of an old candlestick, and all 
of brasse xiij boles of candlestickes of ledd, one 
wjme botell of tynne, two cruettes of pewter, two 
sakariDge belles two lytchebelles of bell metalle and 
thre belles weing x.s.x." weights And all the said 
percelles safely to be kepte &c. 

XXIV. HAMPSTED H0RRTE3, 4 Aug., e*" Edw. TI. 
John homkam and John Iremounger Chotireheteardens, 
ij Challyces of syluer & parcell gylte the one 

waing zij ownoes the other wayng xxiiij ownces, 

k OreBdoth ; fine linen dotfa. {HaaweU.) 
' A chiisniatai;. 



A pyxe of Copper & A crosse of Copper, A snaore 
[cen8er] of brase, ij Candelatycbee that vae to 
stande one the hyghe Allter of braee, A yere of 
brasse & a bacon of pewter, iHy payer of yesta- 
mentes the one wbyghto ryghte satene ymbro- 
dryd wythe fflonera of golde wyer the other iij two 
of theme grene ryghte aattene the one w* A crosse 
of Tynoeled Sattene the other the Crosse of redd 
ryghte Sattene, the iiij*'' ys of yelowe Sylke & 
therde wroughte to gether, ij Gorporaa Cases the 
one of blewe velvete imbrodred w* golde the other 
of blewe sattene & ij Corporas clothes of KoUonde, 
iij Copes wherof ij of theme be Red Sylke & thted 
wroughte to gether & the other of whyghte ryghte 
Sattene Spauged wythe flowers of Golde, vj Alter 
clothes wherof ij of dyapper the other iiij™ of lok- 
erame, & iij Towelles ij of dyaper & the iij^ of 
lockerame, ij Surplycea & A rochett of lockerame, 
iij Clothes of Canvas paynted to haoge before the 
Alter, And also ij other Clothes paynted of lock- 
erame to hange before the seyed Alters, A vayle 
Clothe of lokerame other wyse Called A lente clothe^ 
iiij" banere &: ij stremers of lokerame paynted, A 
Canapy of grene thred & Red wroughte to gether, 
a aacryng bell and a Lycbebell of bell mettelt, iiij'^ 
belles & a saunce bell in the tower, weyng by es- 
timacion xxviij", Ane oyle boxe of Copper". And 
All the said percelles &o. 

■> X dbxiaaaiotj. 



XXV. HFNGERFOfiD, 4 Ai^., 6^^ Ebw. TI* 
William Catmon Sp Ba^sfalltr Ckvreheioardmt. 

ij chalices gylte, A Sute of blewe veluete im- 
broydered w' golde and silke lacking A Cope Amys 
& A stole, A sute of grene satene & red imbroy- 
dred w' silver Altered for the comunyon tabell, A 
Bute of chaungeably silke" iinbroydred w' grene 
Damaske lacking All the Aubea savinge one, A 
TCBtamente of blewe satene & Redd, a Testament of 
blewe & other chatmgeable silke, a olde grene vesta- 
mente, ij olde Testamentea of blewe sarsenete bray- 
dred w' golde & silke, iij paynted clothes, a clothe 
of russet cafTa ° for the pulpite, ij stremers & a ban- 
ner of grene sylke vj^ banners of paynted clothe, 
iiij Surpplices. And All the said percelles safely 
to be kepte & preseraed to gether w' t" xvj' viij* 
in Bedye mouye and the same &o. 

And also iij belles and a Sanotus bell, [added in 
another hand.] 

XXVI. HUBXET, 1 August, 6 BrWAm> VI. 

Thomai ^ Thomas Davie, CAwchwardent, 

A chalice & iij belles, a cope of white Damaske, 
a cope of red Damaske, a cope of blew aatten, a 
Vestm* of crymsyn Telnet embrodered, a Red vestm' 
embrodered, a white vestm* of aatten of Briges, a 

B Shot ailk. " A rioh ulk etnB, foi the po^t-oloth. 


veetm' of blacke satteo of briges, a veatm* of red 
satten of briges, ij frontea for tbo bye alter of satten 
of briges, anotber fronte of Dornix, an olde froiite 
of white satten of briges, a crosse of latten w' the 
fote, iiij alter clothes, iij olde small Caudlestickes, 
an olde paier of sensorB, a shippe and iij olde crew- 
ettes of ijnue, And all the saide pereels saufly to be 
kept & preserued .... 

XXXVn. EST ILLESLET, 4 Aug., ef Edw. VI. 

Larermee RusniU and John Sutton Churohewarient. 

One Challyce of sylver whole gtlt weinge xxij 
ownces, two other Challeces of pereell gilt thone 
weinge xviij ounces thother xiiij., a pyxe of Syluer 
pereell gilte wetnge z ounces, thre payre of vesty- 
mentes one of tbem white sattyn meteley good 
the seconde redd sylke old, the thurde oldc yelowe 
sylke, a cope of redd sattyn of bridges, a nother 
cope of cruell partye color, a oroeae of Coper, a 
nother of wood plated w* coper, a Surplice, a Bo- 
chett, iiij Corporouses w' one case of old blacke 
sattyn, another course case, fyve aulter clothes, one 
dyaper and iiij of holande, a old stayned clothe 
afore thaulter, a Saynsor of brasse, a holy water 
pott of brasse, thre grete belles and a lytell belle 
And all the said percelles safeley to be kepte &c. 



XXVni. WEST ILLE8LEY, 4 Aug., 6 Edw. TI. 
John Smj/the and John Bynte Ghm-chewardtnt. 

a challice of eylver percell gilt, a Coope of blewe 
eattyn of bridges withe a Ospe of redd Satten of 
bridges lyned w* grene bokeram, a whole Testyment 
of grene damaske w' a oroase of blewe veluet lyned 
w' blewe bokeram, a Coope of crymsyn satten of 
bridges w* a cape of grene sattea of bridges lyned 
v' bokeram, a whole vestymente of redd satten of 
bridges w* a croase of grene sattyn lyned w* bokeram, 
a old coope of grene sylke, and a whole vesl^rmeate 
of the same w* a croase of blewe sylke lyned w* 
bockeram, a old vestyment of yelowe w' a crosse of 
red Say lyned w' blaoke bokeram, two Surplices of 
lockeram one of them old, two aulter clothes of 
lofceram, a pece of Dulace p oontayniag iiij yardes 
that couered the rode lofte, three belles, an old 
crosse clothe of sylke two hanginges for the aalter 
of blue lynyne and one of bockeram blacke, twoo 
cruettes of tynne, a payre of Saynaores of brasse, 
a pyxe of brasse, a crosse of Copper, iiij banner 
clothes of lynnen and a Testymente of grene sylke 
«' all thapparell thereunto. And all the saide per- 
celles saf^y to be kepte &c> 



XXrX. INCKPBNE, 4 Aug., C* Enw. TI. 

Siehard Patye John Wyther, Churohewardm; 

A cliales w' the paten of aylTer pereell gilte 
veiag xiiij owncea two corporouae w* eases thone 
of grene veluett brodered w* gold thother of yelloire 
Sylkfi a Canopy and pyxe of latten ootiered w* yel- 
lowe clothe, a pax of brasse, a oyle Tate of pewter 
two cruettes of ledd, a Saynsor of brasse a haly- 
water pott of brasse, two awlter clothes of diaper, 
iij of lockeram, fiij towelles of lockeram, a Coope of 
redd and grene Satten brondered withe flowers of 
goulde, a Testymente of redd and greene Damaske 
brondered w* flowers of goulde w* thappurtenances 
albe and amys of lockeram, a nother old Testymente 
of aaten of bridges white and redd w' the apparte- 
naunce albe and amys of lockeram, a Surplice of 
lockeram, thre awlter clothes of redd and yelowe 
lockeram stayned a lent Clothe of lod^eram a clothe 
to hange before the tablemente ', at the hedd awlter 
of Bomixe twoo streamers, iiij old banners of locke- 
ram paynted, twoo candleatickes of brasse, a crosse 
of laten gilte three lytell belles hanging in the 
steple by estymatyon xxx° weight, the corse belle 
and a sakaring belle. And all the saide percelles 
safely to be kepte &c. 

1 The entsbUtiue, probably here, at the baok of the altai. 



XXX. KTNTBTJET, 4 Ang., 6 Edw. VI. 
Thonwu Knight and Wtlltam Love ChttrcAwardmi, 

A pTXfi of brasse, one ohallyce percell gilte, twoo 
Bwlter clothes of lynnen clothe, a Teatymente of redd 
sattea of bridges w* a croese of grene aattea of 
bridges w' flowers, a Testymente of white satteu 
a bridges w* redd droppes of satten, a vestymente 
of bawlkyn sylke, a vestymente of yellows dornize, 
TJ toweltea of lymiea clothe, a crosse of cooper and 
gilte, a pase of cooper aad gilte, twoo cruettes of 
tynne, three corpores w' their cases of sylke, one 
banuer clothe of white sarceaett, a Surplice, a ro- 
chate, iiij belles in the steple, and a sawnce belle, 
a case to here the Bacratnente in vysytation, a frunte 
clothe for the hie awlter of lynnen clothe paynted, 
a Canopy for the sacramente, a sakaring belle, 
thre albee, two atooles, two manaples, two coopes of 
baulkyn sylke w' also the some of xvij' for percelles 
Boulde by Colingbridge and Thomas Stronge, and 
moore in redy money, h" x' for a challes doble 
gilte and smaule percelles soulde by Robert Elgar 
and "William Parocke of the said churche late 
churchewardens, and also in money viij' for other 
percelles lykewyse eoulde by the foresaid Thomas 
Knigbte and William Love. And all the saide 
percelles safely to be kepte, &c. 



XXXI. LAMBORITE Chubche cfu Capella sb EST- 
BURTE AHMBXATA, 4 Aug., 6 Edw. TI. 

Richard Organe, John Loveden, William Waideron and 
William Senier Church Wardma of Lambome. 

A Croese of copper and gylt ij Crosses of brasBs 
ij chalices of slyrer a pyxe of beryl ', a cannabye 
of blacke vellvett, ij" latten pyxces gylte, tyro cor- 
porisaes w"' oases, a sute of blewe sylke w* sterres*. 
and a Cope, a sute of bkoke sylke w' a Cope, a sute 
of redde sylke w* a Cope, a single payer of vesty- 
mentes of branched Damasks blewe, a paull for the 
buryalles, ane olde hanginge of clothe of golde for 
the alter, ane other of blewe sylke ane other of 
Domexe, iiij" alter Clothes, a banner clothe of grene 
sylke, two stremers the one of blewe & the other 
grene sylke, a payer of Senaers of brasse, iiij" belles, 
one lytle belle callid a Sanctns bell, two longe Tow- 
elles of Dyaper, two surplices, a crosse of copper 
and gylt, a chalice of sylver, two alter clothes, ane 
olde cope of clothe of golde, a hanginge for the 
alter of Dornexe, a Surplice, two lytle belles, a single 
vestyment of Dorenexe and ane other of sylke. 
And all the said percelles safely to be kepte, &o. 
M^ a Cup of Silver in thandes of 
tho" Waldron to apere afore the 
Kinges comisaioners at redinge 
on thnrsday the xv"' of Sept. 

r Fing glass, like ottbUI. • Btars. 

Li, .__b,C.ooglt: 


XXXn. LECKHAMSTEDD, 4 Aug., 6 Edt. TI. 

Saul/f Hedd and Richard MaU» Chwchmardens, 
A Challice of Sylver ireinge xj ounces, a Coope of 
blewe chamblett epanged w' goald wyar, two payre 
of Testymeutes one of grene eylke tbother of blewe 
woursted, a cloth that hangith before thaulter of 
white satten spanged w' white Sylke, one aulter 
clothe of lockeram, a Surplice aud towelle of locke- 
ram, a pyxe, two smaule caudlestickea, a Saynsor 
and a croase all of brasse, two banners of lockeram 
paynted, three belles weinge Tij° weighte. And all 
the said percelles safely to be kepte &c. 

XXXIII. LOCKWGE, 6 Aug., 6 Ei>w. TI. 
Jo?m Coxhed and William Darnell^ Churchwardem. 

Viz' a Chalice of siluer percell gilte ; one vest- 
ment of red Sarsnet braunched w*''other omamentea 
& used for the prest to myuyster in j one vestment 
of fustean brodered w* crule w"" all other apperell 
for the preat to mynyater in, one blaoke vestment 
w"* all other omamentee vsed for the prest to my 
nyster in; one white fustean vestment w"* all the 
apperell belonging to y' same, one cope of red 
Sarsnet, one cope of grene Satyn of burges", ij" 
alt' clothes of Saten of Burges, one Surples, ij" 

■ Perhaps Daniell, bnt no dot is disoamible, ^lis doonment is 

much diaoolonred, and ragged at the edges. 

■ BrogeB, 



belles, ij" \ynen Biter clothes ij" brasen candel 
stickes. And all the said peroelles saufelie to be 
kept &o. 

XXXIV. MARLE8T0NE, 4 Aug., 6^ Edt. TI. 

John Loioth and Sitphane Smyths, Chwrehewardens. 

A Chalice parcell gflte waying zj nnoes, a vesty- 
ment of Tawoye sylke, «a.% other Testyment of grene 
caddes, a Testyment of Redd caddis, a surplice of 
lockeram, a Tovell of lockeram, a bell of one hun- 
dred wayghte and a payer of sencers of brassa And 
all thes foreaaide parcelles safly to be kepte &o. 

XXXV. MIGEHAM, 2 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 

John ErUy and Peter TulU pary>h»nor» of Migekam. 

One payre of Testymentes of sylke, an old Coope 
of Sylke, one awlter clothe of Iiockeram, a Challes 
of Sylver waienge viij onnces and a quarter, twoo 
belles iiij« and haulf a hundrethe one croese of 
leadd, a litell Cruett of lede, a paxe of glasae, one 
holywater pott of ledd, and one pyxe of Coper. 
And all the said parcelles safely to be kepte &o. 

XXXVI. MOTJLSrORD, 6 Augurt, 6 Edtaed VI. 

A chales w' the patene All gylte, A pjrz of 
firaase, iij Alter clothes one of them of Dyaper. 

Li, .__b.Cooglc 

nt TORESHI&B. 29 

A peyre of vestementes of whyte satene w' s Bed 
crosse atolys Amyoe & Albe of Looorame & A. 
Goope of blewe satene enbroctryd. A pejte of 
Testtnentes of blewe CadeB ir' A Bed Artnes ia the 
Croaee w' thapurten'nces. A peyr of TestmeDtee 
of yelow 8c Qrene cadyee v' Amyce stoole & 
Albe of Locoram. A peyre of Teatmeiites of old 
grene Cades w* thapurtenences. A Coope of blew 
BateQ & tawDy bavdkyu in panys. A cope of 
grene & tawny cades. A surples. ij Clothyes 
to hange before the Awlter the one of Bed saten 
of burgeys the other of peynted canvas. A Canabe 
for palmesondaye * of grene & Red satene of bur- 
gyes wyth A sylke frynge. A Crose of coper And 
gylte. A fronnt for Awlt' of blewe JDamaske w' 
A sylke frynge, iij corporas Cases w' corporas in 
theme, ij sacrynge belles. A peyre of smaU Can. 
dlestyckes for the Awlter of Brasse. one towell of 
Locoram, iij belles in the stepell of A corde. A holly 
water pote of brasei A payre of olde seosers of 
brase, A baner Clothe of grene scersenate, A stremer 
of olde Canvese paynted, ij Gofers & All the fore- 
said percelles saufly to be kepte & preserved .... 

XXXVn. OORE, 4 Aug., 6"' Edw. YI. 

TTtomai Inmonger and ZJuHnai HoIim* Chureheieardma. 

One Chales of sylver percell gilte w' patent for 

the same weinge vij ownces and hanlf, one Crosse 

■ The oiuiop7 held ovar the head of the priest in the 
n Fahn Snnday. 


60 CHURCH aoom 

of brasse, twoo brasen CandlcBtickeB and a pjxe 
of brasae, two vestymentes thone of blewe sylke 
thother of lynen dyed greue and broydered w* sylke, 
and their albes of bolande, twoo aurplioee of holande, 
two autber clothes of bolande, two towelles and a 
fonte clotbe of Lockeram, one Coope of Cruell, two 
belles and one litell belle weing hy efitymatyon two 
hundreth weigbte And all the said percelles safely 
to be kepte ficc. 

XXXVin. PEASMOOBE, 4 Aug., 6* Edw. VI. 
Henry Medd and John Spyenr Churchwardmi. 

One oballes of syWer and gilte weing xvj onnces, 
one pyxe of latten, one Canopy of blacke Saye bulg- 
ing over the pyxe w' three crownes, tbre corpo- 
rouse cases thone of clothe of gould the seconde 
of blacke veluett the tburde of redd veluet and 
blewfl wrougbte upon clothe of goold muche Trome, 
twoo Candlestickes of brasse for the hie awlter, one 
payre of brasenne Saynsors, one vestymente of white 
brauncbed damaske, one Testjrmente of red fiustyaa 
embrodered w' flowers mnch wome, thre albes of 
bolande, one Cruet of tynne, one Crysmatory of 
tynne, one red Sylke Coope embrodered w' flowera 
mucbe wourne, one fronte Clothe for the hie awlter 
of Domeze, one Crosse of Coper and gtite, one litell 
crosse of cooper and gilt, one awlter clothe of dyaper 
iiij other clothes of bolande for the awlters^ two 
sieved sorplicea of holande, one vayle clotbe of lyo- 
nen for the lente, fyve banner clothes of lynme 



payoted w' ymagery, one orosse clothe of lynnen 
p&yoted w' ymagery, three smaule belles and one 
lytelle telle in the steple by estymatyon xv" and 
one holywater pot of braese. And all the saide per- 
celles safely to be kepte &c. 

XXXIX. SANDHTTRST, 1 Aug., 6 Edw. TI. 
John JellU and William Cordrey CAurchuiariUns. 

Thre belles hanginge in the 'stepnlle, a smalle 
bell to go before a corps, A chales percell gilte. Too 
Coopes thoQe red braunched Damaske w"' wiers of 
golde, thother of grene and white Sarsnet, Too 
veatmentes thone red braunched Damaske w* gold 
wier. thother of red Saten of burges with gold w . . . 
A vestment of black seye. A Testment of grene 
Domex, ij Towelles. A crosse clothe of red ; Too 
banner clothes. Too crosses of bra'st plate, A paire 

of Sencers of brasse; A pixe of brasse, A 

A holie wat' potte of brasse, A basin of laten. Too 
littell Oandelstickes of brasse, Too corpora . . Caces. 
thone of blew Seye. thother of red seye. And all 
the said percelles sauflie to be kept and preserved . , 

XL. SHATJLBOmtNE, 4 Aug., 6 Ebw. VI. 
Jishn Mounday and Thema* SUphins. 

Two Challices and two patentes to them of sylver 
and gilte weing xxxviij oanoes, iiij Candlestickes 


of brasse, tvoo cruattes of ledd, two old aulter Cur- 
teynes of blewe sylke, a clothe before (he taUemente 
and a nother before thanlter of sattea of bridges 
in panes of tawny and grene, a Sayneor of brasse, 
an oyle vate of pewter, a old maslyn' baaoa, two 
Surplices of lockeram a old Bochate, a haly water 
pot of brasse, a crosse w' pypes and knottes for the 
Croese of latten, another crosse of brasse, iiij belles 
two sakaring belles, one vestyment of redd veluet 
and the crosBe of broydered wourke, a etoole, fanone, 
amyse aad albe for the same of lockeram, a vesty- 
ment of white damaske w' broydered flowers the 
crosse of redd velaett, a stoole a fanon albe and 
amyce of lockeram for the same, a vestyment of 
blewe baulkyn, a Testyment of grene doruyxe stoole 
and fanone, a vestymente of white sylke w* a redd 
crosse stoole fanone albe and amyce of lockeram for 
the same, a Coope of white damaske w' flowers 
broydered, an old Coope of greene and redd baulkyn, 
thre aulter clothes of lockeram, iiij old towelles of 
diaper and lockeram, a old banner of sylke and 
thre other of paynted clothes, a old clothe of baul- 
kyn for the dexe*, a paynted clothe to cary over 
the sacramente, two corporouse cases of Teluett and 
sylke, a Canopy of unwaterd chamblett w' thre 
frenges aboute of redd and yelow oruelle, a Canopy 
cloth of stitched wourke w* a fringe of redd and 
yelowe sylke, a stone of dynerse colours to pull the 

f Msalin was a kiDd ot mixed yellow metal, or biaai. 
■ For the leading-dMk. 



Canopy downe w*(Jl ', a pyxe of brasse and a Shippe 
of brasse for ffranconsence. And all the seid per- 
celles safely to be kepte &o. 

XLI. SHAW, IT. Aug., Ti Ed. YI. 

Vynemt Knight and Thomai Syrde ehwehwardens. 

Two cballices of sjlrer wherof one gilte and two 
patens to them, twoo corporouse cases, a pax of 
sylver, a crosee of Cooper and gilt, three belles and 
B s&nnce belle, a Coope, and a vestymeate of Crym- 
son veluet brondered w' goulde. thre other Coopes 
and thre Testymeates and that pertaynethe to them, 
one paire of awlter clothes, a diaper towell w' one 
course towell, a Chesabelle of Dunne sylke, two 
Cmettes of pewter, a streamer, two banners of sylke, 
a Orysmatory of lattene, a CoTerlett, a pawle of 
sylke, twoo piUowes of sylke, two snrplycee, a Gofer 
to kepe the chnrche goodes in, a hand bell, a litelle 
Coffer to pat the Kegester booke yn, the seconde 
Coope is white Damaske broudered w* gould, a 
blacke Coope of say braunched w' gould, a grene 
coope of say, the seconde vestymente of grene sylke 
wroughte t* egles of gould and a old vestymente of 
Donne sylke wroughte w* egles of gould also. And 
all the saide parcelles safely to be kepte &o. 

' Uied u a weight, or oonnterpoiBe, loi lunng utd loveiing 
theoaaopT. ' 



Sobfrt HaaeU William Such Chwelmcardent. 

A Cope of Cremeayn velvett w' an [blank] em- 
brotfaerid w* divers colours of sylke and golde, one 
vestyment of aing^le Sarcenett branched the ono 
parte blewe & the other parte Darke Tawneye, one 
yestymcDt of blewe Sarcenett w* a redde crosse 
branched w* flowers and sterres, one Testyment of 
blewe sylke branched tbe Crosse embrotheridd w* 
byrdes of sylke, one vestyment of Dornyxe w' a 
blewe crosse irabrotherid w' ffloware, one vesty- 
ment of Blake & yelowe dornyxe the crosse of 
dyrers colours, one vestyment of grene Dornyxe 
w* a crosse and Armes ° thereuppon, a vestyment 
of Kedd Satten w* a crosse of blane branched w' 
venyce golde ^, one vestyment of Dornyxe dyvers 
colours w* a yellows crosse, a Tonable' of Single 
Sarcenett branched «' fflowers, one paull of the 
Same colour v [five] Albes two of olde hollande 
& three of lockeram, iiij" Tovelles, Two frount 
clothes for the alter stayned in panes, a Crosse 
of copper w' a Crncefyxe, one payre of brasyne 
Sensers, one pyxe and a Chrisiiiatorye of latten, 
two laten Candlestycks, iij olde banner clothes of 
canvas stayned, two ledden Cruettes. In the Tower 

* EmbUioned ynSa tbe uma of the patron of tlu ohnrch, or 
me other penon. 

* Tenioe gold. * Toniale. 



three greate belles and one lytla bell, one olde 
vayle of canvaa, one Surplice Terye olde, one olde 
caQvas Curteyne w"" dyd hange before the roode 
in the lent Season. And all the Said percelloB 
safely to be kepte &o. 

XLHI. LTTLE SHEFFOTJEI), 4 Aug.. 6 Edw. 6. 
John ffasel, patytftenor. 

twoo belles by estymatyon one C weighte, one 
Challice percell gilt ^eiiig by estymatyon iiij 
ounoee, one pyxe of latyn, one Coope of Crymson 
damaske vorne, thre payre of vestymentes w' all 
thinges belonging, an awlter clothe of white Da- 
maske paued w* blacke, two aulter clothes, two 
white curteynes, one towell, one Surplice and two 
oorpouronse cases. And alle the saide peroelles 
safely to be kepte &c. 

XLTV. 8HENFILDE, 1 August, 6 Edwakd VI. 
Richard Sillier and Sehaetian Pether — chitrehieardetu, 

ij Chalices of Siluer & gQt, one Chalice of 
Siluer. one pixe the fote wherof is siluer & gilt 
&; the rest copper & gilte. A paxe of siluer & 
percell gilt, iiij Corporas Caces one of cloth of 
golde ij of Tiasew & the iiij"* red veluet w'** ther 
Corporaces, The Tpper hanginge clothe for the 
bight ault' paned w"' Tisaew & Dunne veluet w"* 
fiowres. The lower hanginge clothe of the suid 



aulf paned w"* yellow Damaake & blacke Sateo. 
one red vestmente. one blew vestment of silke 
w*^ all therto belongmge. one vhite vestment of 
Silke w"* all therto belonginge. one black vestment 
of worsted w*** all therto belonginge. j other old 
vestment of Silke w"* all therto belonginge. one 
fine shete for the sepulcre. j redd veluet cope, 
iiij belles in the stepull w'** a littell bell hanginge 
in the chaQcell & a holy wat" potte of brasse. ij 
gret Broches ', one paire of Cobberdea ». one Tre- 
vet, and one old broken pott of brasse. one gret 
pan. iij old cheetes to kepe the church geyre in. 
j aulf cloth of grene & red seye & one other of 
yellow & red Seye, ij banner clothes of Canvas 
on stremer of Silke w"* acros&e clothe of Silke. ij 
CurteuB of grene Silke w^ an old pall to cast 
vppon the herse. ij candelstickes of brasse. ij 
small belles to ring afor Corpses, one Crosse of 
Copper, j old surptes. and all the said percelles 
sanflie to be kept & preserved . . . 

XLV. SEOTTES'BROKE, 1 August, 6 Edwabd VI. 
John Nmman and John Foiter, Churehutardew. 

one cballes & Three Belles. And all the saide 
percelles ... to be kepte and preserved . . . 

' BroiicheB : Bpits. 
( Cobberdei : the iioas which sappc^ted the (pita. 



XLTE. SONUTGHILL, 1 Aaguet, 6 Ei>wiM> TI. 
Eoiart Milton and Thama* Ka/yt, CAurehioardem. 

A chalee of siluer in valew by estimacion zl'. 
Tlire belles in the stepull. j Cope of red Damaake. 
ij Testmentes of eaten of burgee with all thinges 
to tbem belonginge. ij aulter clothes of Lyneii. 
one Towell w"" a Diaper Towell. A sepulora of 
Timber, ij brase . . etickes. too crewettes. And 
all the said percelles sanfilie to be kept & pre- 
senied ... 

John smytbe \ Dyd Delyrer for the churche war- 
Richard elana' / dene abouenamed 

XLTn. SOTWELL, 6 August, 6 Edwaed VT. 
Richard Jtowlandt and Willutm Straimge, Churchwardem. 

One Chalice of Sylver percell gylte, two belles, 
one Coope of redd aylke, ij olde vestyment '' of Oruell 
redd and one other of grene Cruell, two Surplices, 
and two brasse Candlestyckes. And all the said 
percelles aaufly to be kepte uid presemed . . . 

^ Written thna : — " c^e olde TMtTsieiit i" pen itmok tbiongh, 
bnt not the jilunil aftei ij added. 



XLTin. SPENE, 4* Aug', 6 Edw. tj*. 

Utonuu MytiSe John Grene thongtr Sickard Sntar and 
Robert Tiiihe Church JFardem. 

iiij°' belles, two challices percell gilte, one alter 
clothe of lynyne, iiij" Towelles of hollande, two 
atremers of redd lynyne, two banners of grene clothe 
of canvas, a greate stremer of sylke, iiij" olde ban- 
ners of lynyne, three atayned clothes to hange be- 
fore the alter, a stayned clothe for the Sepulture. 
And all the said percelles safely to he kepte &o. 

XLIX. 8TANP0UW) DTNLOWE, 4 Aug., 6 Edw. TL. 

John Lovegrove and John Bwdge» theUer churchmeardeni. 

fyve alter clothes iiij holande and one diaper, 
a Testj^mente of yelowe and black veluet the blacke 
standing in the myddes, a Testymente of Damaske 
and veluett, the Damaske braunchedd the veluett 
yellowe and standing in the myddest, a vestymente 
of burges satten the myddest redd the other parties 
blewe brannched, one vestymente of Caddewse w' 
their albes a Coope of blewe aatten of bridges w' 
brauncbes, the orphe redd satten, a corporouse case, 
one eyde redd clothe of tysshew, thother blacke 
veluett, a ohallesse w* paten hothe sylver percell 
gilt weing zj ounces and di, a pyxe of cooper 
gilte, two candlestickes of latten, two towelles one 



for tbe communjoii thother for DrieDg after lo- 
tyoD ^, tvo craettes of pewter a cry amatory of ledd, 
a canobye of Doroixe, one surples, a water Tea&ell 
of braase, a crosse of cooper gilte, one other of 
wood couered w' tbynue plate of cooper, a streamer 
of greane sylke, a banner of eylke, crane coloured ' 
a banner of lynnea paynted the color blewe, a 
litell eakaring belle a bell used to be tynged" 
before dede corses, iiij belles in the steple by es- 
tymatyon weiiig xz° weighte and two corporouse 
cases w''' twoo clothes. And all the saide percelles 
safely to be kepte &c. 

L. STJLHAM, 2 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 
William Charde and Mychard Hedache, Churehwardtnt. 

one chalys percell gylte in weghte zij vnces, 
iij corporaxes, iij payer of vestementes one blewe 
Damaske one Red sey the thyrde dornekes, ij cowpes 
one of eaten of brygges the other of red sylke, iij 
Alter clothes, A clothe to hange before the hye 
Altare of saten of bryggea, A clothe to hange be- 
twene the quyer And the Altar calyd A vele, A 
payre of grete candylstyckes called Standers, A 
payer of small candylstyckes etandynge Tppon the 
heye Altare, one surpelese, iij belles in weght by 

^ The ablation or washing of the sacied vessels. 
' SaSroD naloliT, from the mediftTol Latin, 
—Du Ctmge. » Tinkled. 



estamacyon xx himdiytbe, A bell callyd a bande- 
bell, A bell callyd A sainctus or A eacryage bell, 
A boly water pote of braee, ij ew shape in the 
cnetodye of Julyan moldy, Stayned olotb for the 
eepnlker, A crose of latene, A pe . . of Lede, A 
peayer of crewettea of pewtter. And All the fore- 
saids peroell eafly to be kepte & preseniid . . . 


Robert Wooddarde Sf John Nttherelyfe, Chureheardmu. 
a vestiment of redde satene w' albe and Amyce 
loDgiDg to yt, a blewe Testiment w* albe and Amyce 
belonging to yt, a veBtyment of grene Domyxe, 
a Cope of grene Damaske, a Crosee of brasse, one 
Ghalioe of aylver and gylte, one pyxe of brasse one 
corporis case w' the clothes belonging" to yt, vij 
alter clothes, iij Towelles, iiij" lytio candlestyckes 
of brasse, one sencer of brasse w' a boxe of the 
same, itij<" banner clothes, iij belles in the steple 
and a sanotus bell, a paynted clothe of canvas 
for the forefronnt of the Alter; t lytle candle- 
styckes of brasse, a basyn of tynne, and ane Ever 
of Braase, two payer of cruettes of tynne, two plat- 
ters of tynne, a holy water stoppe of brasse. And 
all the foresaide percellee saufly to be kepte and 
presemid . . . 

I il " ixig " were intended to be 

c,q,-zo3bvGooglt: ■ 


LII. TFTOH", 2 Angnst, 6 Edwakb VI. 
JaiMt Suuell and Walter ButUr — Ckurchicardmi. 
One Chalice waying iz Tnnoea, one olde alter 
clothe one whyt vestiment of Sattene of brydges, 
two olde TeBtimeutes one bawdkyne the other Dor- 
nyxe, one fronnt of Satten a brydges, one Olde herse 
clothe, T banner clothes, iij olde Towellea, one olde 
napkyne, one olde redd Damaske Testiment, one 
Snrplice, iiij" lytle Candleetyckee, one byWe and 
a paraphraces of Erasmus, three olde crosses of lat- 
ten, one broken payer of Sensers, one oyle boxe, one 
ketell, one sakeriog belle, iij lytle belles hanging in 
the belfrey, one lytle bell hanging in Sainte John's 
Chapell", one lytle sakering bell, three corpores w* 
their cases, two cruetes. And all the foresaids per- 
cellea salfly to be kepte and preserued, . , . 

Lin. "WALFOURD [Weefobd], 4 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 

Edaard SJungtrford and THonuu Coxhedd paryihenort. 

iiij belles, one Challice, two alter clothes, two sur- 
plyces, one clothe to lay upon the hersse of blacke 
and redd, withe the some of Six powndes thirtene 
shilliags iiij^ rody money for dyrerse percelles as 
plate and other Stuffe by them aoulde. And all the 
saide percelles safely to be kepte &c. 

« This olmpel adjoins the north dde of tha ohanoel, and ooi 
itin many monmiLeiits to the PerkiuB tiunily, of Ufton Gonxt. 



6 Augast, 6 Ebwabd VI. 

Miehard Emeley anS John Phillypps, Churohwardent. 
One Chalice sylver And percell gylte, two copes 
one of grene aattene of brydges the other of olde 
whyte sylke, two vestymentes the one of whyt sat- 
ten of brydges & thother of grene sattene of brydgea, 
one olde TOBtyment of Domex, one surplice, one old 
roohett, two stayned clothea of Lynyne somtyme for 
the sepulcre, one crease. And A croase stafife of lat- 
tene, A byble, two Candlestyckes of latten, one 
Towell of Dyaper, ane other Towell playne, two 
Corporaxs w* their clothes embrotherid w' taBselles 
of sylke, An other of grene sylke, two belles, Also 
two small belles callid sakeringe belles, a pyxe 
of lattene, A greats olde Chest & A Coffer, two 
Crewettea, two olde Candlestyckes of Leade, one 
olde frunt, iiij" olde Alter clothea of lynyn, And iiij" 
banner clothes of Lynyne stayned. And all the 
foresaid percelles aaufly to be kepte & preserued. . . ■ 


2 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 

Jtiehard BtttUr and Thomai SuriU, Churehuiardm$. 

One Chalice of Sylver percell gylte iij alter 
clothes, tT-c f Corporaxes, a pyse of Lattene, three 

f Sie : pen stmok through. 



vestymentes w* albea and other thinges belonging 
therto, ij coups, two Towolles, one Surplice one 
Candlestjke of lattene, one Crosse of copper, three 
belles, and three payntid clothes before the alter. 
And all the said percelles saufly to be kepte and 
preaeraed. . . . 


6 Edwakd Yl. 

Ohriitofer Lmorenee Sf John Barker, Ohurehteardms. 

three belles in the steple And one Sanctns bell, 
♦■"0 ' Challicee of aylver & peroell gylte w* ono pyxe 
of coper, two copes wherof one of theme ys chaunge- 
able sjlke And the other of blache fustyane napes, 
thre vestymentes wherof one of them ys grene \el' 
VBt the eeconde of whyte sylke And the thryde of 
' ffustyane Napes w' their Albes Apperteignynge 
And belongiDge to the same, one paull clothe of 
blacke fifustyane napes w' one paynted clothe for A 
border before the hyghe Alter, iiij" banner clothes, 
vj peces of lynyne good and badd, two small candle- 
styckea of brasse, And one Sensor of brasse, one 
holy water pott of brasse, one crosse of brasse, three 
corporaces w^ iij cases wherof one of theme ys grene 
the ij^ whyte And the iij'** ffustyane napes, w' ij" 
Sarplices, And iij" vj' viij' in redye mony, &A11 the 



foresaid percelles and some of money saiifl; to be 
kepte and preseraid. . , . 


2 Aogast, 6 EsTTASS YI. 

ffuffht Chris ^ John Wriggellyt'coTth, Ckwchtcardmt. 

On Cballeys percell gylte, iij belles & the santnons 
bell, one Cope panyd w' blewe cheker Teluet w* one 
otber olde cope w* byrdes of golde, is Testamentes 
good & bade, iij Albes w* tbeire Amessys, foure Awter 
Clothes vherof ij of theme be paynted & the other 
ij" of Saye, w' iiij" Ourtegns of saye coUo' redd & 
yellowe, ij" Towelles & iij Oorporaces w* their Casses. 
And alle the seid percells safely to be kept and 
preserued. ... 

LTUI. TrAEFILDE, 1 Angnst, 6 Edtaed VI. 
Thomat Bnoarde Sf JTilliam WatUngton, CAurchwardMt. 

five belles, one Cbales of Siluer vngilt wayinge 
xij vnces. one Ck)pe of Grimsin Telnet, a vestment 
of the same sute. A blacke saten Testment. Too 
Copper Crosses. Thre anlter clothes, thre albes. 
ij° Towelles. Too standinge Candelatickes. Too 
Surplesis. iij" Dekiu vedes '. one sepulchre clothe 

' Qy-agnnneitt, or veil for ooTering the altar, and otheiaTC 
lor deokiiig the figniM of Saints, or the HaUt of a Deacon, 



of lynnen. & too aulter clothes of barges satin. 
ij° CoferB. one pixe of Copper. ij° Chapelles 
coaered w* leade & v » in money. And all the 
said peroelles and money sanflie to be kept & pre- 

LIX. WASIIfGE, iv. Auo. vi. Ed. TL 
Wtllitm Wyatt Churchwarden, and Tbomm Wut 


one veatymente of white satyn, a vestyment of 
redd say, an aulter clothe of lockram, twoo Candle- 
stickes of brasae, a basonne of brasse, two oruettes 
of ledd, one Cope of white say, one Challioe of sylver 
weing TJ ounces lacking one quarter, a saynso' of 
brasse, two belles weing by estymatyon three C. one 
croase oouered w* lede, three smaule belles, one Sur- 
plyce of lockeram, a haly water pot of brasse, a vayle 
of canTarse staynedd, and iiij bannars of canvarse. 
And all the saide parcelles safely to be kepte, &o. 

LX. WICKHAM, 4 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 

Bolert Knight and William Mmeu Chureheward&nt. 

three belles weinge by estymation vj", a challea 
percell gilt weinge viij ounces, one Testyment 
domyxe withe thappurtenaunces, one coverlett, ta- 
pestry, iij awlter clothes lokeram, two Surplices 
and a rochett, and zxxvj* in mony for percelles 
eonlde. And all the saide percelles safely to be 
kepte, &o. 



LXI. "WOTTLHAMPTON, 1 Aug., 6 Edw. VI. 
John Slei and William Full, Churehewardens. 

One Chalice of silver zij unces, in belles xr 
hundredes, one cope of blewe eattene lyned w' buck 
erame, ooe chesable of whyt blewe & redd D&maBke, 
two olde chesables one browne sylke and the other 
cruell and sylke, one Albe, one Alter clothe 
lynyne, two corporis caeea of sylke, one dyshe 
pewter, two brasyne candleatyckes, one crosse ol 
braese, one pyxe of lattene, one Crysmatory of lat- 
tyne, two cruettea of leade, two lytle belles of brasee, 
one holy water pott of brasee, And all the foresaid 
peroells saufely to be kepte &o. 

T.XTT. "WTNTERBUE.NE, 4 Aug., e* Edw. TI. 
Thomas Ohapell and Henry Tama Ohta-chwardmt. 
One Cbalice percell gilte, iiij payre of old vesty- 
mentes, one pyxe of braase, oue old awlter clothe, two 
Surplices, two belles in the belffiray, one Cope of aat- 
ten of BridgeB, one frontlett for the hie awlter of 
blacke brannched Damaske. And all the saide per- 
celles to be aafely kepte, &c. 

LXIII. TATENDONE. 4 Aug., e"" Edw. VI. 
William Smythe ^ John Sdmondet Chourehetcardmt. 
One chalya of Sylver not gylted weynge xiiij 
ownces, one Corporaa beinge of Eed velvete sparked' 

■ Sprinkled. 


w' golde, ij Cruettes of ledd, A paxe of copper one 
Surples & one Rochett of Hollonde, A pyxe of Cop- 
per and ij Gandell Styckes of brase that do use to 
stande nppon the heye Alter, vj Alitor clothes of 
hollond & one crosse of Coper, one vestamente of 
Clothe of Oolde, one other veBtamente of Eyghte 
Saten, Color red & mengled v^ a Crosse of blewe 
Sattene, Ane olde Testament of tawny velvete, one 
Cope of Tawny Sylke imbrodryd w' Sylke, A clothe 
to hange Att the hyghe Alter of yelowe & blewe 
Satene A brygges, A sepnlker clothe of blacke vel- 
vete w' a crose of Clothe of golde wroaghta Apone 
the Same, A Cussbene of Crymsene velvete, A Clothe 
called A vayle clothe of lynnene & lyned w* blewe 
lynene w'^'' was wonte to be drawene before the 
heyghe Alter in the lente time, j payre of Sencers 
of Copper, iij belles in the Tower, A SauDce bell & 
a lytle bell weymge by estimacion xzxj". And All 
the said percelles safely to be kepte &c. 



(BERKS) i. 

[Vppirpart torn."] 

[Sparsholt.] — In tbe paryshe cburche ther twoo 

chalyces of ayluer thoone gylte thoother.per- 

celle gylte three grett belles, A sance belle, 
Dbnchewobthb. — In the churohe ther A ohalyoe o{ 

sylaer, three smalle belles, A sance belle, A 

leye (sii; in orig. P lich) belle, a aacrynge belle. 
Chtlrst. — In tbe paryshe ohnrcbe ther A challyce 

of syluer AUe gylte, three belles. 
EsTHENBED, tee Hendred, East. — In the chorcbe ther 

A chalyce of syluer percelle gylte, syxe belles. 
LocKiNGE. — In the ohnrohe ther A ohalyce percelle 

gylte, twoo belles. 
"WserHANNET. — la the ohnrche ther A chalyce of 

syluer percelle gylte, foure belles in the towre. 
Westuemrsd. — In the ohnrche ther A chalyce, three 

smalle belles, A sanoe belle. 
Akdinqtoit. — In the churche ther A chsllyoe of 

syluer, three belles, A sance belle 

Bdcslandb. — In the paryshe chnrche ther A chalyce 
of syluer percelle gylte, three grett belles, A 
sance belle. 


Shalynofobde. — Id the paryshe chnrotie ther A 

chalyce of eyluor, foare belles. 
Staunfokdb. — In the paiyshe ohnrclie ther twoo 

chalyces peroelle gilte, foure belles, A aanoe 

belle, A sacriDge belle. 
PuszT. — In the cburohe ther A ohalyoe peroelle 

gylte, tvoo belles in the towre. 
Chaeney. — In the ohnrche ther twoo chalyces of 

sylver, twoo belles. 
Htnton. — In the paryshe churche ther A small 

chalyce of syloer, three belles, A sance belle 

LoNOWORTUE. — In the paryshe ohnrche ther twoo 

[chalyces of sylver] peroelle gylte, three meane 

belles A * . . . 
Hattfordb. — >In the chnrche ther A chaly , ..' twoo 



Sutton. — In the paryshe churche ther A smalle 
challyce of syluer, A pyxe of syluer, A challyce 
of syluer gylte in M' Hols k^inge, fonre belles 
in the towre, A sanoe belle, foure saorynge 

Drayton. — In the churche ther A chalyce of syluer 
percelle gylte, fonre belles. 

> Wiitine eSaoed by damp, 



Stevinqton. — In the paryshe churcfae ther twoo 

chalyces of siluer thoone gilted, three belles 

in the stepulle, A smalle belle, ij sacringe 

beUea, A baryinge belle. 
Apdltdn. — In the paryshe ohnrche ther A chalyoe 

of syluer percelle gylte, three belles, A sance 

Fftfeldk. — In the churche ther A cbalyce percelle 

gylte, three belles. 
QoesY. — In the chappelle ther A chales of sylver, 

twoo smalle belles, A saorynge belle. 
Maschah. — In the paryshe ohurcbe ther twoo cbfr- 

lyces of sylver percelle gylte, foure belles, A 

sance belle, A handbelle, ij sacrynge belles. 
Apdlforde. — In the chappelle ther A challyce of 

eylu [a hole'] twoo belles, A sance belle. 
Gakfordb. — In the chappelle ther A chalyoe of 

syluer percelle gylte, A pyxe of eylver, twoo 

belles, A handbelle, A saorynge belle. 
Lttobdb. — In the chappelle ther A cbalyce of sylver 

percelle gylte, three belles in the towre. 
Lytlk Wtttnam. — In the paryshe churche ther 

A cbalyce of syluer gylte, three belles. 
LoNQ WtttNam. — In the churche ther twoo chalyces 

percelle gylte, three belles. 
Mylton. — In the paryshe churche ther A chalyoe of 

siluer percelle gylte, foure belles in the stepulle, 

A sance belle, ij sacrynge belles. 



KiNQSToM BA6PUTSS. — lu the churche ther A cbalyce 
of syluer, three belles io the beKrejj A sauce 
belle, A leche belle. 

{Signed) Antony h — gerford' {Sung^ford). 
Thomas essez. 

(Another name, torn.) 



Tht ntmben refer to the pages where the uwrdi are meniioned. 

--,-.-, —U ample lui__ , . ._ . .._ 

alba (whitel. Tlie lower part of the alb was anoientlr orna- 
mented wita one or several stripes of scarlet attached to it. 
The number of these stripes affixed peculiar appellatioDS to the 
tunic. If it had but one, it was deuominated ' Alba Monolores,' 
or an alb bordered with one stripe; if it bad two, 'Dilores;' 
if three, 'Trilores,' &c. From the autborit; of Anastasius the 
librarian, in his life of Benedict III., it would aiipear that for- 
merlj the alb waa eometimes fringed with gold, and made of silk ; 
as he informs us that tbe King of the Saxons presented to the 
church of St. Peter at Rome, amongst other magnificent dona- 
tions, certain albs of this description. A remnant of the scarlet 
border is still preserved bj some of the religious orders, who 
trim the bottom and the sleeve cufis of the alb with lace, under 
which the; attach scarlet silk. In the Middle Ages, the custom 
of contractiog the alb b; plaiting it in loog folds was introduced, 
and is still observed. This long linen garoient, whifh is called 
alb in the Latin or Western Church, is also used amongst the 
Oriental Christians b; priests, deacons, and sub-deacons in the 
celebration of Mass. Bj the Greeks it is denoraicated x""""'" • 
by the Syrians ' Kontivo,* and bj the Arabs ' Timia,' i 
elwavs white. Amongst the seven sai ^ ' 
the Coptic liturgv of St. Basil, it is t 

wars white. Amongst the seven sacerdotal veatmente used in 
le Coptic liturgv of St. Basil, it is particularly enumerated by 
Abusebab, who observes that the alb appropriated to the nae 
of the Bishop should be edged with a rich border. 

The alb is beautifully emblematic of that stainless candour 
and purity of soul which should shine in a conspicuous manner 
in all those who officiate around the altar, where the Lamb 
without spot is immolated. The Priest, therefore, vety appro- 
priately says the following prayer in putting on the alb: — 
" Change me, O Lord, and purify my soul, that, sprinkled with 
the Blood of the Lamb, it may be fitted for eternal felicity, 
where the blessed are for ever clothed iu robes of white, stand- 
ing before the throne of God, and serving Him day and night in 
His temple." 

b. Cookie 

Tlie Priest now confines the alb witti the girdle. (Bock, 
Sietmrgia, yoL ii. pp. 613 — 16.) 

Altar ftont, atelier cloth. Front clothe, Fnmtlett, ^e. (2, 4, 6, 
6,7,10,11, 13,13,14,15.16,17,18,20,31,22,23, 24, 35,26, 
27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, *1, 42, 43, 44, 
45,46,47.) Tue altar frontal Tits a moveable front of meUd.vood, 
silk, or other niBtenal,pnt close to the fore-part of the altar, reach- 
ing from the slab to tbe top of the ground. The front^ were 
nsuall; of the same colours as the vestments, and were changed at 
the same times, accordiog to the festivals. Sometimes the silken 
frontals veiled the two staes as well as the froat of the altar. Tbe 
modem custom of ornamenting the front of the altar with sculp- 
ture or painting, was almost, if not quite, unknown in this ooun- 
trj before the Reformation. Aatependium is the terra now used 
here for designating the frontal. The Koman Missal calls it 
pallium i in Italj it is known as the paliotto. (Peacock, 
p. 66, and anthorit; there quoted.) 

Aaice. (9, 10, 15, 31, 34, 39, 32, ^0, 44.) The amice here 
spoken of is the linen vestment worn on the shoulders by a 
priest in the bolj sacrifice, not the furred amice with which it 
IS sometimes confounded. The linen amice was iutrodnced into 
England from Italf at a later date than the other sacrificial 
Testments : its ori^nal form was probably that of a hood. Much 
is to be found in ritualistic writers as to its mystical signification. 
The popular opinion was, that it represented the veil with which 
the Lord's face was covered when the soldiers, mockinjip, said, 
" Prophetiza, quis est qui te percussit." The furred amice was 
a hood or tippet of fur, worn bj certain of the mouastic clergy 
and others. (Peacock's Sng. Ch. Forn., p. 33, and authorities 
there quoted.) 

Former!; the amice was worn npon the head in the manner of 
a hood, while vesting, and until the Priest arrived before the 
altar, when it was lowered, and thrown back npon the shoul- 
ders, — a custom which is atiU retained by the Capuchin and 
Dominican friars, as well as in some particulat churches on tbe 
Continent. The term amice is derived from the Latin verb, 
ameire, 'to cover;' being introduced in the eighth century to 
cover the neok, which, until that period, was usually bare. 
(Rock, Hiervrgia, vol. ii. pp. 611 — 13.) 

Apparel. (83, 27.) An omameatal piece of embroidery with 
which Uie amice and alb are enriched. The apparels are placed 
on the wrists of the alb, as well as at the bottom of it, both 
before and behind. The amice round the neck is adorned with 
a similar corresponding ornament. In Enghtnd, ancienllf, the 


amice and alb vere worn viihont apparels on Good Fridaj, and 
sometimes alao ia services for the dead. (Lee's Glossat; of 
Liturgical and Ecclesiastical Tenna.) 

Attoi. (2.) The name of ' arras' was first applied to tapestrj 
from the most celebrated manafactoiies in Eutope being at Arras, 
the chief town of the Pas de Calais, and ftumerlj capital of 
Atloia in Flanders. 

Banner elathet, Bannen of Silk: see Streamer. 

Bason, BaaoH and Etoef. (8, 0, 13, 18, 19, 30, 31, 38, 39, 
40, 45.) Yere [Ewer] of brasse. A bason and ewer for the 
font, for the Priest to wash his hands, Ae. The sub-deacon 
at ordination received a bason and ewer, to signifj to him that 
one part of his work would be to help at the washing of the 
celebiating priest's bands. 

Bauliyne, Baudskgn, Bawdiyn. (1, 15, 35, 33.) Tissne, or 
cloth of gold, upon whicli figures of silk were embroidered; so 
called from Ba^ad, Babylon, or Baldacca, whence the first rich 
stuffs of this kind were imported. 

Ba-yl. (36.) Designated both the precious stone and fine glaaa 
like crystal. (Walcott.) 

Bollei. (10, 19.) Tapers were generally set upon the rood-Iolt 
in candlestick bowls, without any sticks or stems, in some cases 
the bowls were of pewter, in others of lead, and in others 

Brauncied. (7, 13, 36, 27, 30, 31, 33, 34, 38, 46.) A Tel»et 
wrought with figures resembling branches or leaves. Embroi- 
dereawitli a branch-like, or flowmg pattern. 

" CaUing mj officers abont me, in my branched velvet gown." 
Twtl/th Night, act ii. scene 5. 

Bridge*. B«rge». (3, 8, 10, 13, 18, 31, 32, 33, 35, 37, 29, 31, 
37, 38, 39, 41, 43, 45, 46.) A rich kind of satin made at Broges 
in Flanders. 

Biickram. (15,16,33,46.) A cotton textile; it has a history and 
reputation aomevhat varied. In our oldest inventories mention 
is often made of a panvs Tarfarieua of Tartary cloth, which was, if 
not alwBia, at least often purple. Asia, esjtecially in its eastern 
borders, became famous for the fine textiles it wove out of cotton, 
and dyed in every colour. Cities got for themselves a repnta- 
tion for some especial excellence in tbeii looms, and as Mosul 
had the name of muslin from that place given to the fine and 
delicate cotton webs it wrought, so the term of buckram for 
another sort of cotton textile came from the cit.Y of Bokhara, 


in Tartarr, where this cloth waa made. All along the Middle 
Ages bucKram was much esteemed for being cotti; and verj 
fine, and cooseqnentlj fit for use in Church vestments, and for 
secular personal wear. John Qrandisoa, conaecrsted ISishop oC 
Dxeter, a.d. 1337, gave to his oatltedrol fla^ of white and red 
buckram ; and among the five ver; rich veils for covering tbe 
moveable lectern in that chnrch. three were lined with blue 
'bokeram.' As late as tbe beginning of tlie sixteenth century 
this stuff was held good enough for liung to a black velvet gown 
for a queen, Elizabeth of York. The coarse thick fabric which 
now goes bv the name, was anvtbing but the olden production 
known as ' bokenun.' (Int. to Rock^ Textile Fabrics, kxxv.) 

Burial hell: see I^/eka Ml. 

Caddei, Caddis, Caddapte. (28, 39, 3B.) Though not often, ;et 
sometimes do we read of a silken stuff called cadat, carda, car- 
duat, and used for inferior purposes. The outaide silk of the 
cocoon is of a poor ([oaJitv compared with the inner filaments, 
from which it is ijuite kept apui; in reeling, and set aside for 
other uses; this is eadat, which the Primpiorivm Pareuloram 
defines, however, as bombicimitm, or silk. St. Paul's, a.d. 1395, 
had "pannna rubeus diasperatna de Laret lineatua de carda 
Inda; and Bieter possessed another eloth for the purpose: 
"Cum cardnis viridibns." Uore frequentlj, instead of Deing 
■pun, it served as a wadding in dress ; on the barons at tbe 
siege of Caerlaverock, might be seeu manj a rich gambeson gar- 
nished with silk, oadaa, and cotton : — 

, " Meint riohe gamboison guaml 

De aoi, de oadas e ooton." 

(Int. to Book's Teitile Fabrics, xliii.) 

Caffa. (21.) Arieh ailkstuil. In the Privj Purse Expenses of 
Henry Vlll., mention is mode of " eighteen yards of white ca& 
for the King's grace," whicii ia valued at £6 7*. 9rf. 

Canopy. (4, 6, 8, 13, 16, SO, 34, 25, S6, 39, 30, 38, 39.) A 
hood or tabernacle suspended over the altar, under the shadow 
of whicli the vessel containing the Host wa« suspended. 

A ttone of dj/uerte colours topitlltke Canopy dotent. (33.) A. 
painted stone, used as a weight or couoterpoisc for lowering 
the hood or tabernacle suspended over the altar, which was 
frequently of brass or latteo. 

Canity of black Saye hanging over tie pyxe mith three 
erotenet .- (30.) See Pyx. 

Ga»vai. (16, 19, 20,39,35.36, 38, «, 45.) A kind of linen 
cloth, so often spoken of in old accounts as beiug bought for 



1 garments used in the 

33, 34, 40, 41, 43, 45, 47.) A veaael to burn the incense in, with 
a Ship and ^oon ; it was of silver, end of silver parcell gilt. The 
navette, or ship, contained tbe erains of incense with wnich the 
censer was supplied. It waa of metid, covered with a lid, and 
fnmished with a spoon. Ab the name implies, the shape was 
like a boat. 

Chaungeabl^ ailie. (31.) Variegated, shot silk. 

Ckeier velsett. (11, 44.) Checkered velvet, i.e. fomied into 
little sqnares, by lines or stripes of different oolonra. 

CkesebU. (13,83,46.) Chasuble, the uppermost garment worn 
by the priest at Mass. 

ChrUmalory. (4, 3D, 33, 33, 34, 39, 46.) A ease containing the 
veasela which held the chrism or consecrated oiL These oils 
were of three kinds, "Oleum sanctum, oleum clirismatis, et oleum 
infirmonim ; " that is, holy oil, chrism oil, and sick men'a oil. 
Each church was required to possess three bottles for these oils. 

Copa. (1, 3, 4, &. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 20, 
81, 23, 33, 34, 26, 36, 27, 38, 39, 30, 31, 33, 33, 34, 35. 36, 37, 
38, 39, 40, 43, 43, 44, 45, 46.) The mantle, or outer garment 
of a priest. It was without sleeves, open in front, and fastened 
round the neck by a morse, or brooch. 

Corporaee, Corporouu, Corporeaei, Corpofom, Corporet, Cor- 
poral. (3, 4, 6, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18. 30, 33, 34, 35, 
31, 36, 39, 41, 43, 43, 44, 46.) A cloth of fine white linen, on 
which the sacred elements were consecrated ; so called from 
the body (corpus) of Christ which rested thereon. The corporal 
cloths, when not in use, were carefullv preserved in a eaie 
somewhat resembling a portfolio, osually made of silk, and 
enriched with embroidery. 

The corporal cloth itself was always of white linen, and sel- 
dom more than a foot sijnare ; but it was frequently inserted in 
the middle of a large piece of coloured silk, or Other material 
The technical name of the embroidered case was "theca," 
" bursa," " repositoriun," ftc 

CorporoMt kereheffe. (14.) A Sacrament cloth : see Pyx 
and i>* Cloth. 

Cote/or lit rood. (19.) A covering for the rood, or crucifix. 



Comrleil. (33, 45.) Fiobabl? altar-cloths. Tbe term is some- 
timea used in these inventories to denote the carpets laid before 
the altar; also called Pede-cloths and Tapets. 

OoM coloured. (39.) Saffron colonr, from the MedlaTal 
Latin, croneum = eroceum. (Da Cange.) 

Creueclotk. (19.) Fine Unen clotb. (Haliwell.) 

CroM. (3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, IS, 14, 16,17, 19, 22, 33, 24, 25, 
26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 39, 40, 41, 43, 43, 44, 45, 46.) 
The Cross placed on the altar, in the middle of it. " Super altare 
coUoceturCrus in medio." The Rnbric of the Maaa-boot orders, 
that the Priest, when he approaches to the altar, should stand 
before the lowermost step of it, and profoundlj how to the 
Cross, placed above, upon the altar : " Cum perrenerit ad sltare, 
atana ante iOiiLS infimum gradum, caput detegit, et altari, sell 
imagini crucifixcB desuper positie profunde inclinat." 

Croiie cloih, or Rood dolk. (7, 8, 19, 23, 31.) A hanging 
before the rood, that conld be raued, lowered, or drawn aside 
by a cord. 

CfveUe. as, 32, 27, 30, 37, 46.) Crewel, a fine sort of worsted, 
commoolf made from the thmms or ends of the stuff, or weavers' 
canes used to mark or do curiona Deedleirork with. (Djehe's 
Eog. Diet) 

Cruettef. (3, 4. 5, 6, 8, 11, 19, 83, 23, 24, 35. 28. 30, 31. 33, 
34, 37, 39, 40. 41, 42, 45, 46, 47.) The flaaks, or cruets, con- 
tainii^ the wine and water used at the altar. These cruets 
were often most beautifullj wrought, and sometimes had pre- 
cioos stones set in the lid, of a colour so as to shew which 
held the water, which the wine, 

Cuihion: (47.) ScePflloK. 

Bexg'clotk. (32). For the Lectern or Litany-desk ; or for the 
Service-book, or Missat, placed on the altar. 

Diaper. (3, 7, 11, 23, 24, 36, 28. 33. 37, 43.) Was a silken 
fabric, held everywhere in the highest estimation during many 
hundred years, both abroad and here in Euehuid. What was 
its distinctive characteristic, and whence it drew its name, we 
have not been hitherto told with anything like certainty. , . . 
Among its vast collection of liturgical garments, A.D. 1395, 
old St. Paul's had a large number made of diaper, which was 
most always white By degrees the word 'diaper' be- 
came widened in its meanbg. Not only all sorts of^ testile, 
whether of silk, of linen, or of worsted, but the walls of a roooi 
were said to be diapered, when the self-same onuiment was re- 


peated, and aprinkled well over it. Thua, to soothe his dangh- 
ter'a sorrowB, the King of Hungary promises her a diair or 
carriage, thatr— 

" Shal be oorerd wy^ velTette reede 

And olothes of f;iie golde al aboat }>odi heede, 

With damasba whjte and azme blewe 

WbU dyaperd vith lyUes uewe." 
(lutiod. to Book's Textile Fabrics, ilvi— Tiii) 

Doniexe. (5, 6, 11, 15, 16, 28, 24, 26, 30, 34, 39, 40, 41, 48, 

45.) Dorniie, ^ tissue, or rich sort ot stuff, interwoTen oriei- 
nallj with gold, silver, &c., maoufactured at TonniBj, originaUj 
called Domeck, a citj in Flanders. 

FtumeU, Fanon, or Mamjplt. {i, 25, 32.) One of the rest- 
ments worn bf the sacrificing priest at Mass. In earl^ dajs it 
was nothing out a plain strip of linen — a napkin, m foct — 
worn upon the left wrist of the celebrant. In Uter times it 
was hlgmj decorated, and often mode of the richest materials. 
The word is derived from the German FaUn, Fmen, or Fana. 
(l>u Fresne, OIoss., sub too.) The short white sleeves worn 
by butchers are still called fannels or fannons. 

Originally the maniple was a narrow strip of linen, suspended 
from the left arm, to cleanse away the perspiration from the 
face and brow, occasioned b^ the heat of the weather, or the 
fatigues or labours of the minister ; and it snpplied the place, 
and was used for all the porposes, of the modem pocket- 
handkerchief. Gradoally, however, it received embellisliment : 
first of all it was bordered by a fringe, then decorated with 
needlework; till, at length, it became too precious to be em- 
ployed for its original purpose. But, although it ceased to be 
used as a handkerchier, it was retained for an ornament, to 
wliich could be appropriately attached a spiritual meaning. 
A little later, from its being made of linen, it began to resemble 
in oolonr, and to be composed of the same splenoid materials of 
which the chasabie was formed; and we find that, about the 
eighth century, it was enumerated among the sacerdotal vest- 
ments. (Back's Eierurgia, voL ii. pp. 613 — 16.) 
_ Fonte Cloths. (7, 16, 19, 30.) A doth or sheet of white 
linen to cover tke font, sometimes fringed and ornamented. 
Fonts were formerly kept securely dosed when not in use, to 
prevent persons obtaining the holy water (or improper porposes. 

Futtane apti. (3, 43.) A kind of fustian which took its 
name from the city of Naples, where it was probably tlrst manu- 
factured. (Gog. Ch. Furniture, p. 200.) 

.; Liooglc 

Fuiiiait. (18, 27, 30.) Of wliicli two of its fomi we still have 
in velveteeQ and corduroy, was oridnallj wove at Fustol, on the 
Nile, with s warp of linen thread, and a woof of thick cotton, which 
was so twilled and out that it sheved oq one aide a thick but 
low pOc ; and the web so managed took its name of Fuetiau ftom 
that ECTptian city. At what period it was invented we do not 
rightly know, bnt we are well awaie it must have been brought 
to this conntty before the Normans' cominf; hither, for our 
Anglo-Saxon countrymen; St. Stephen Harding, when a Cis- 
tercian abbot, and an old man, eire. a.h. 1114, forbade chasubles 
in his chnrch to be made of anything bat fustian oi plain linen : 
"neqae casulas nisi de susteneo vel lino sine pallio ameo rel 
argenteo," &c. The austerity of bis rule reached even the 
ornament of the charck From such a prohibition we are not 
to draw as a conclusion that fnstian was at the time a mean 
material; quite the oontrair, it was a seemly textile. Years 
alterwards, in the fourteenth century. Chancer tells ua of his 

" Of faBtian bs weT«d a gepon." 
' In the fifteenth century Naples had a repntation for wearing 
fustians, but our English Churchwardens, not being learned in 
geography, made some laughable bad spelling of this, like some 
other continental stnffs: — "Fusclian in appules," for fustian 
from Naples, is droll; yet droller still is "rauatyrd devells," 
for a cloth made in France at a town called Mustre-TiUiers. 
(Int. to Rock's Teitile Fabrics, lixiri., vii.) 

Otmorei, (15.) Gimmers, hinges, 

Eerte-cloth, or Fall. aO> IE, 19, S6, II, 43.) The Palls, 
herse.«loth3, or bier-clotbs, were of rerj rich material and of 
varions coburs ; bnt we find, contrarj to common opinion, that 
the majority of these pre-Be formation palls were entirely black, 
some were red and black, others black, or with a red or white 
cross. (Int. Church Goods in Kent., by Canon Robertson.) 

Berte oflront. (10, 16.) The Herse was an open&amework of 
iron, or wood, set up over the coffins of deceased persons, and 
corered with tapers, to support the pall when the service for the 
dead was being nsed. They were sometimes attached to the parish 
bier in which uncoffined Dodics were bronght to the grave, hav< 
ing an open-work lid, through which the corpse might be seen 
when the pall was drawn aside. The monumental efOgies of 
wealthy persons were frequently covered with herses made of 
brass or iron, and richly gilt, of which we have examples in the 
Beauchamp Chapel, Warwick, and in Tanfleld Church, Yorkshire. 


Boly Water pot, or Vat {6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17, 19. 

23, S4, S8, 39, 31, 33, 39, 40, 43, 45, 46.) A portable veml con- 
taming the bolj water, with which the people were aspeised 
at the commencemeat of High Mass. 

Laiten, Lalen. (3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 14, 17, 18, 38, 34, 31, 33, 
34, 35, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43, 46.) An alloj of copper and zinc, mach 
used in former tioies for aepulohral meinoriaU. Du Cange and 
Nares make Latten synonymous with Orichalchurx. The term 
'Lattea' is still used in the trade for rolled or sheet brass. 

Lent CMA -■ see Veil. 

Loeieram, Lokiaran. (4, 6, 6, 7. 8, 10, 11, 16, 19. SO, 34, 37, 
36, 39, 30, 33, 34, 45.) A fiae linen cloth made in Brittanj. 
" The kitchen malkin pina 
Her richeat lookram, bent her teechy neck 
Clambering the walls to eye hun." 

Coriolamu, act ii. ac. 1. 

I^ehe-bell, Cone-bell, Burial-bell, BuHeru/e-bell. (8, 9, 14, 16, 
SO, 34^ 36, 39.) A bell rung before the corpse. 

Maniple: xe Fatum. 

Mailin baaon. (33.) Maalin was a kind of mixed yellow metal, 
or brass, the precise composition, of which, it is not easy to 
define. It appears to be distinguished from the yellow metal 
called latten. 

Mastin, is a contraction of Meitilo or Mixtilio, wheat and 
rye miied. 

Oile Vat, Oj/le boxe : see Ckritmatory. 

Orfrayet [Aurifrigium]. (14, 38.) Bands of embroidery, or 
needlework sewn on the vestments. Their place varies accord- 
ing to the vestment. 

Organt. (2.) The word 'orean.'in the singular, was ne 
formerly nsed, the instrument being always described as a [ 
of organs, as we still say a pair of bellows. (See Hawkins's 
"History of Music," vol. ii. p. 448.) St. Nicholas Church, 
Newbuij, contained two pairs of organs. 

Farcell gilu. (1, 10, H, 12, 14. 16, 19, 33, 33, 34, 25, 
33, 39, 31, 35 37, 38, 39, 43, 43, 44, 45, 46.) Gilt inside only, 
or partially gilt. 

JpaaU : see Herae-elotL 

Fax, otherwise Paxboard, or Oteulalory. (8, 34, 38,- 33, 35, 
49.) A small tablet of ivory, of wood overlaid with gold, oi 
some inferior metal, on which was a representation of oni 
Iiord's Passion. This object was kissed by the Priest in the 



Mass at the worda. Pax Domiiii lit temper voiiieam, and afler- 
vaids passed round to be kissed bj tlie congregation. This 
practice superseded the ancient kiss of charity in use among the 
earl; Christians. The Pax at Midgham was of glass. An 
ancient Pax was found by a labourer in levelling a hedge at 
East Grafton, near Great Bedwjn, in 1816. It is now in the 
museum at DeviEes. 

Payaei. {6, 10, 32, SI, 3E, 36.) Composed of panes, or small 
squares, tanegated. 

Poz. (IS.) AbbrcT. for peiuam, weighing. 

PyUoa. (7, 13, IS, 33.) Pillows to kneel upon, and ensliioDS 
of ailk for the high altar, to rest the Missal upon. " In como 
epistolfB Cuftinui aupponendus Missati." 

PgUow here. (4, 8.) A pillow-case. 

Pgpe» and Kiwttet. (32.) Befera merel? to a deseriptioa 
of the pattern upon the cross. 

Pgx. (3, 5, 7, 10. 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20. 33, 33, 34, 25, 
36, 37. 28, 30. 31, 33, 34, 35, 38, 40, 43, 45, 46.) This vessel, 
used for holding the little box or pix in whicli the Holj Eu- 
charist was preserved, was nsuaEy is the form of a cup of 
gold, or silver, or aome less precious metal. This receptacle 
was suspended over the altar, decorated b; a corona, and en- 
closed in a taeramenl-ehtA of semi-transparent muslia. These 
canopies were sometimes made with three crowns, thus resem- 
bling somewhat in form the Papal tiara. It is highlj impro- 
bable that the resemblance was more than accidental, although 
it would seem tliat the shape was supposed to have a sjm- 
bolical meaning. An illustration in a Life of St. Edmnnd, 
King and Martyr, to be found in the Harlcian Librar; (2278, 
fol. 556), has been pablished bv Doctor Keck. It shews us the 
cap itself, enclosed In an envelope of cloud-like mnalin, and sur- 
mounted bj a canopv of three crowns. (Peacock, Eng. Gh. 
Fumit., pp. 70, 71.) 

Pgx-elclh. (7.) A oanopj of lace, in which a hole was worked, 
through which a spike pierced at the top of the pjx. and over 
which the lace was thrownj called also a Sacrament-cloth. 

Bage Satin. (18.) Silk of its natural colour, that haa never 
been coloured or djed. 

Boehett. {6,12,17,19,30.23,25,33.42,45.) A surplice 
without sleeves, ordered to be worn by the Clerk that minis- 
tered Ui the Priest, or bj the Priest himself, when he baptized, 
and required to have his arms at liberty and disencnmbered. 

L Cooj^lc 

Bood^loth ! see Oroti chtk. 

Saering or Saerament Sell, (i, 5. 8, 16, 17, 24, 25. 29, 40, 
41, 42, 43, 44,) A small bell witbin tbe chancel, rung at the 
elevation of the Host ; usnallj of brasB, but occasionallv of silver. 

Sandu, Bell, at Sattnee Bell. (3, 4, 6, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 
21, 36.) The bell rang at the eleratiou of the Host at the 
parish Mass : it was fixed outside the church, frequently on the 
apex of the eastern gable of the nave. 

Satsu of^pers. (7.) A sort of fine corded-atuff, partly silk, 
partly hair, so called from the island of Cyprus, from whence 
it was first brought. 

Eggkle taltene, right ftre tatsit. (5,8,30,47.) True, entin, 
pure satin, withoat admixture of cotton. 

tynetted Saitene. (18, 20.) A lustrooa metallio shine pro- 
dnced by an admixtnre of silk and copper. 

Sage. <10, 16, 33, 30, 31, 33, 45.) Serge made entirely 
of wool. 

"Aht tbon B^, thoa serge, nay than baokram lord." 

3BCT7yrj., activ. B0.7. 

Sarcenet (5, 15, 18, 31, 37, 39, 34), durine the fifteenth oen- 
tnry, took \j degrees the place of cendal, at least here in 

By some improvement in their irearing of oendal, the Sara- 
oens, it is likely in the south of Spain, earned for this light web, 
as they made it or sold it, a good name in onr markets, and it 
became mnoh sought for here. Among other places, York Ca- 
thedral had several sets of cnrtains for its nigh altar, " de 
sarcynet." At first we distinguished this stuff by calling it 
from its makers, "Saracenicnm;" but while Ai^licising, we 
shortened that appellation into the diminutive "sarcenet;" 
and this word we Iceep to the present day for the thin silk 
which of old was known amongst us as " cendaL" (Intr. to 
Rock's Textile Fabrics, xlii.) 

S^ulehr». (5, 10, 37, 38, 40, 42, 44, 47.) A slight and 
temporary erection of wood, hung with the oest and richest 

Ealls of gold and silver 'cloth, or costly silks, which could be 
>nnd, or had been bequeathed for the porpose. Usually there 
stood within it a winged angel watching, as it were, its little 
door ; and tapers bnmed, and people ^ed into it, from Good 
Friday till early mom at Easter. Sometimes, however, this tomb 
was made to be lasting, and built of stone. 

An anmbry, or niche, on the north side of the chancel, on which 
the Host was reserved bam Maundy Thursday tiil £uter-d»y. 

.; CoOgIc 

In Bome of the large clinrches they were frequently of stone, ela- 
borately carred and ornamented. 

Before the ohangea of ritual in the sixteenth century, remarks 
Mr. Peacock (Gng. Ch. Furniture, p. 16), every village chorcb, 
01 nearly so, possessed an Easter sepulchre. The sepulchres 
were asnally moveable closets of wood, on which were sus- 
pended, dunug Passion-week and Easter-tide, hangings of pre- 
oions silk, or gold and silver tissue. In the more costly ohurctiea, 
built during tne Decorated and Perpendicular periods, they were 
frequently of atone, elaborately carved and ornamented. The 
original form was of a smaU arched recess in the northwallof the 
chancel ; but in later times the design was devebped with many 
ornamental and symbolic details. 

At the Mass on Maundy Thursday, besides the Host received 
by the officiating Priest, another Host is, and always has been, 
consecrated by mm for the morrow's (Good Friday's) celebra- 
tion 1 and because no conaecration of the Holy Eucoanst, either 
in the Latin or the Greek part of the Church, ever did or does 
take place on Good Friday, the service od that day is by the 
West c^ed the "Maaa of the Pre -sanctified," by the East 

Airrov/rfla rue JTpmTyKKTfiWui'. 

Folded up in a corporal (a square piece of fine lioen), the 
additional Host consecrated oq Maundy Tbaraday was put into 
this receptacle, or eaptvla eorporalium of the old rubrics, 
and afterwaida carriea in solemn procession to its temporary 
resting-place, known in England as the sepulchre; and there, 
amid many lights, flowers, and costly hangrngs of silk and palls 
of gold and silver tissue, was watched b^ tne people the rest 
of that afternoon, and all the following night, tul tlie momiDg 
of the next day, when, with another solemn procession, it was 
borne back to the high altar for the Goad Friday't celebratum. 
(Dr. Rock's Textile Fabrics, pp, 113, 113.) 

The oLuroh of S. Mary, BeadiDg, contains an Easter Sepul- 
chre, with two caoopiea and Fuibeck marble columns. The 
Churchwardens' books shew amongst the entries :— 

" 1566. Payde the man for watcbiug the sepulchre, Os. 8d." 

Skip. (14, 33, 33.) A Navis, or Navette. A vcEael in the 
shape of a boat, to store the incense, from which sufficient waa 
taken out with a spooQ made for the purpose, and thrown into 
the censer, when required for use. 

Spatu/ed. (1, 8, 18, 20, 25, 27.) Spangled. 

Sparked. (16.) Sprinkled, or dotted with sparks of gold. 

Spone o/tiher : (14.) See Ship. 

b, Lioogic 

Standardt. (6, 39, 44.) A large candlestick to stand on 
the floor. 

Slerret. (26, 34.) Stan. 

Slreaaer, and Bannera qfaylkt. (4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 15, 16. 17, 
19, 30, 31, 23, 35, 29, 27, 29, 30, 33, 33, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 
43, 45.) For tbe processions on the Rogation-days, £c. Ban- 
ners were nsed in alt the processions of the mediEeval Cliorch; 
they were in requisition at the humblest wedding, or fnneraL 
Tbe processions of the richer religious guilds must have been 
vei; maKnifioent for their diaplar of both sacred and heraldic 
banner- aeviees. The lesser guilds, such as were found ii 

Tablmeni. (24, 33.) Entablature. 

Tovtls. Honaelling Towels. (6, 7. 11, 13, 13, 16, 19, 20.''24, 
36, 39, 30, 33, 33, 34, 35, 37, 38, 40, 4], 43, 43, 44.) Of these 
there were three. Thus the B.ubric before the Mass-book ap- 
points : " Hoc altare operiatur tribns mappis sea tobaleis mun- 
dis;" viz. the upper one oblong, and reaching to the ground, the 
other two shorter, or one of them douUed. These were ajl to 
be blessed bj the Bishop, or bj some one who had power to do 
so. Housel is another form of the old Norsk ivil, like tbe 
Iiatin, koilia, 'the Host,' 'the Hoi; Eucharist.' Houselling 
people were communicants ; and the Honseljnge towel was to 
prevent anj portion of the sacred elements falling to the ground. 
Mr. Mackenzie Wallcott mentions, tbat a cloth is still spread 
on the altar-rails of Wimborne Minster, and until a recent 
period, women carried their Ftajer-books to church in a white 
handkerchief, which was a relic of the bouseliing cloth. 

In the Constitutions promulgated bj the Catholic Archbishops 
of Canterbarj, several pairticular mandates were issued con- 
cerning these Altar towels or cloths. Walter Aejnold, who 
occupied the primacy somewhere about 1333, decreed that 
"Linteamlna, Palla, Corporalia, et alia indumenta ultaris In- 
tegra sint et mundissima" {ProvindaU, Ovilielm I^ndieood, 
p. 235). And amongst the articles of church furniture which 
Archbishop Robert Winchelsey (a.ii. 1305) determined to be 
incumbent on the parishioners in his province to provide for 
their respective parish churches, were "Frontale ad ma^um 
altare, cum tribus Tncllis," which Lyndwood (^D. 1423), m bis 
annotations, explains to be an antependiom for the high altar, 
and three linen napkins, one which was to serve as a towel for 
wiping the Priest's fingers when he washed them at Mass, the 


remaining two as obtha to be spread under the corporal, which 
he reparKa as denomiDated bj such a name, because it Higni&es 
the linen bands with which the Body of our divine Redeemer 
waa enveloped in the sepulchre. (Itook, EUmrffia, vol. ii. pp. 

Takieki, Tunaele, Tonable. {10, 15, 34J A close-fitting veat- 
inent worn by Deacons. The vestment of the Sub-Deacon also, , 
when he attended on the Priest at Mass. It was aomewhat 
shorter than the dalmatic, and had tight sleeves. 

FHt, or Lent-eiotk. (6, 7, 19, 30, 2i, 30, 35, 45, 47.) The 
curtain which, diiring Lent, was drawn across between the choir 
and sanclaary on all week-dava, until the Wednesday in Holy 
Week, except on certain stateo occasions. 

Festmenl. In ecclesiasticat usage the Vestment was the whole 
of the preaeribed dress of the celebrant, and k is so expressly 
described in Provincial Constitutions both of Canterbury and 
York. ''That Parishioners may be informed in every particular, 
let all men understand and observe, that the Chalice, the Missal, 
thepriDcipal Vestments of the Church itself; to wit, the Chasuble, 
fair Amice, Stole, Maniple, Girdle, — with two towels, the great 
Processional Cross, etc. etc., — belong to the Facishioaers. 

"Hence it is that in many extant lists of Church ornamenta 
we find no mention of Albes, or Maniples, or Stoles, or Chasu- 
bles, though several Surplices and Copea are speciQed, The or- 
naments not specified are in such a caae understood under the 
comprehensive term, ' Yestment.' More frequently than not, the 
wora is naed in this wider and more correct aenae ; although 
many of tlie ancient inventories are evidently drawn up by igno- 
rant persons. Occasionally, when it is thus naed, some part of 
the Vestment is specified and described, on account of something 
noteworthy abont it. When it ia not naed at all, the parts ot 
which it is composed are usnally named. There is one exception 
to the omission of the namea of the several Eucharistio Orna- 
ments in inventories that employ the terra 'Vestment' to denote 
the whole dresa. Aibes are frequently noticed in them, for 
the obvious reason that the Albe was used at other Offices, and 
therefore more were required than that which belonged to the 
Vestment. The exception, however, does not extend beyond 
pariah churches," — (NoHtia EucAaritliea, by W. C. Scudamore, 
M.A.. pp. 64^-67.) 

{niUdi b)| Janui {lailui snl) Co., Xrobn gub, 9ili>ih. 

b. Lioogic 

bv Google 





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The City of the Lost, 
and xix. other short allgoorical sermons. 

BjWu;r»BA.GBiY,MX(n.),ViiairofArk»ey;— andB.KiB* 
PBun, Hji. (♦.), Rector of AacM Hettth. Sixth Ed! ion. 
Sewed, Is. 

Chahacteriitics /df Christian 

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Rev. E. Monro. 

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